Application of Inertial and GNSS Integrated Navigation to Seabird Biologging
Masaru Naruoka*1, Yusuke Goto*2, Henri Weimerskirch*2, Takashi Mukai*3, Taichi Sakamoto*3, Kentaro Q. Sakamoto*4, and Katsufumi Sato*4
*1Aeronautical Technology Directorate, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
6-13-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-0015, Japan
*2Centre d’Etudes Biologiques Chizé (CNRS)
79360 Villiers-en-Bois, France
*3ATTACCATO Limited Liability Company
Osaka Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology Izumi Center F104, 2-7-1 Ayumino, Izumi-shi, Osaka 594-1157, Japan
*4Department of Marine Bioscience, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo
5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8564, Japan
The study demonstrates the versatility of integration of inertial navigation and global navigation satellite system (GNSS) with its unique application to seabird biologging. Integrated navigation was originally developed in the field of aerospace engineering, which requires accurate and reliable position, velocity, and attitude information for the guidance and control of aircraft and spacecraft. Due to its high performance and recent progress of sensor development, integrated navigation has been widely used not only in aerospace but also in many fields represented by land and marine vehicles. One of its ultimate applications under the constraint on the size and power consumption of devices is this study. Seabird biologging involves attaching a logging device onto a seabird for scientific purposes to understand its biomechanics, behavior, and so on. Design restrictions for the device include several tens of grams mass, several tens of millimeters in length, and several tens of milliamperes of power consumption. It is more difficult to maintain the accuracy of such a device than applications to an artificial vehicle. This study has shown that integrated navigation is a feasible solution for such extreme applications with two examples: biologging for wandering albatrosses and great frigatebirds. Furthermore, it should be stressed that the navigation captured the world’s first data of their detailed trajectories and attitudes in their dynamic and thermal soarings. For completeness, the navigation algorithm, simulation results to show the effectiveness of the algorithm, and the logging devices attached to bird are also described.
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