Assessment of MUSIC-Based Noise-Robust Sound Source Localization with Active Frequency Range Filtering
Kotaro Hoshiba*1, Kazuhiro Nakadai*2,*3, Makoto Kumon*4, and Hiroshi G. Okuno*5
*1Department of Electrical, Electronics and Information Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University
3-27-1 Rokkakubashi, Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 221-8686, Japan
*2Department of Systems and Control Engineering, School of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology
2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
*3Honda Research Institute Japan Co., Ltd.
8-1 Honcho, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0188, Japan
*4Faculty of Advanced Science and Technology, Kumamoto University
2-39-1 Kurokami, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan
*5Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University
2-4-12 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
We have studied sound source localization, using a microphone array embedded on a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle), for the purpose of detecting for people to rescue from disaster-stricken areas or other dangerous situations, and we have proposed sound source localization methods for use in outdoor environments. In these methods, noise robustness and real-time processing have a trade-off relationship, which is a problem to be solved for the practical application of the methods. Sound source localization in a disaster area requires both noise robustness and real-time processing. For this we propose a sound source localization method using an active frequency range filter based on the MUSIC (MUltiple Signal Classification) method. Our proposed method can successively create and apply a frequency range filter by simply using the four arithmetic operations, so it can ensure both noise robustness and real-time processing. As numerical simulations carried out to compare the successful localization rate and the processing delay with conventional methods have affirmed the usefulness of the proposed method, we have successfully produced a sound source localization method that has both noise robustness and real-time processing.
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