Trends of Robot Therapy with Neurological Therapeutic Seal Robot, PARO
Takanori Shibata*,**,*** and Joseph F. Coughlin**
*Human Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan
**The AgeLab., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, E40-279, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
***Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
Seal robot PARO is a neurological therapeutic robot for non-pharmacological therapy and, such as animal therapy, has no negative side effects. It has therapeutic effects on those from children to the elderly, particularly those with some cognitive impairment. PARO is used for two reasons. One is for activities to enable users to enjoy using PARO. The other is for medical therapy for specific patients with goals. In this paper, we detail the results of clinical experiments done on those mostly diagnosed with dementia. Experiments were conducted with PARO used for both cognitive and physical rehabilitation, in which PARO was used in activities and in therapy. Both types of cases showed positive effects in therapy and a reduction in the use of antipsychotic medications.
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