JRM Vol.22 No.5 pp. 651-658
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2010.p0651


Quantitative Evaluation of Injected Molecules into Phospholipid-Coated Microdroplets for In situ Biological Reactions

Masahiro Nakajima*, Yuta Matsuno**, Masaru Kojima**,
Yohko Takiguchi***, Kingo Takiguchi***, Kousuke Nogawa**,
Michio Homma***, and Toshio Fukuda*,**

*Center For Micro-nano Mechatronics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan

**Department of Micro-Nano Systems Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan

***Division of Biological Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan

May 17, 2010
July 28, 2010
October 20, 2010
artificial cell model, micro/nanopipette, micromanipulation, phospholipid-coated microdroplet, biological reaction

This paper presents a quantitative evaluation of the amount of biological molecules injected into phospholipid-coated microdroplets. Research on developing an artificial cell model using lipid membrane vesicles has been pursued to determine the function between biomembranes and biological molecules. The method is needed to introduce biological molecules into the biomembrane model and observe their reactions. Conventionally, molecules are introduced into vesicles by hydrating dried lipid films or freeze-dried lipid blocks with a solution already including biological molecules. It is difficult, however, to observe reaction in real time and step-by-step for different types of biological molecules, because the reaction has already started by the time vesicles are formed. Our proposal uses micro/nanopipettes based on micromanipulation. It is demonstrated that the injection of different types of biological molecules into a phospholipid-coated microdroplet. Biological molecules, such as F-actin, heavy meromyosin (HMM), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), were introduced into a phospholipidcoated microdroplet in sequence, and these reactions were observed inside the microdroplet. The amount of molecules introduced into the microdroplet was evaluated quantitatively from the intensity of fluorescent labels through our microchannel calibration method.

Cite this article as:
Masahiro Nakajima, Yuta Matsuno, Masaru Kojima,
Yohko Takiguchi, Kingo Takiguchi, Kousuke Nogawa,
Michio Homma, and Toshio Fukuda, “Quantitative Evaluation of Injected Molecules into Phospholipid-Coated Microdroplets for In situ Biological Reactions,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.22, No.5, pp. 651-658, 2010.
Data files:
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