An Emotional Model Based on Location-Dependent Memory for Partner Robots
Naoyuki Kubota and Shiho Wakisaka
Tokyo Metropolitan University
6-6 Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan
With user expectations for user-friendly robots growing, the question of what makes a robot “user-friendly” continues to be debated. With the human need to add an “emotional” aspect to robots – “humanoid” shape such as Asimo and “fuzzy-feely” appeal such as Paro – we propose an emotional model based on location-dependent memory for partner robots. Focusing on the functions of emotion in social interaction, our proposed model is based on emotions, feelings, and mood and “episodic” memory related to changes in feeling. We propose map building and behavior control based on the emotional model. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of the emotional model and related behavior based on location-dependent memory.
-  D. Sperber and D. Wilson, “Relevance - Communication and Cognition,” Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 1995.
-  R. R. Cornelius, “The Science of Emotion: Research and Tradition in the Psychology of Emotion,” Prentice Hall College Div, pp. 149-184, 1995.
-  R. Buck, “The Communication of Emotion,” Guilford Press, 1988.
-  D. Keltner and J. Haidt, “Social functions of emotions,” In J. Mayne & G.A.Bonann (Eds.), Emotion and Adaptation, Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2001.
-  D. Keltner and A. M. Kring, “Emotion, Social Function, and Psychopathology,” Review of General Psychology Copyright 1998 by the Educational Publishing Foundation, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 320-342, 1998.
-  M. Ridley, “The Origins of Virtue,” Oxford:Felicity Bryan, 1996.
-  M. W. Eysenck, “Psychology: An Integrated Approach,” Harlow, Essex, Longman, 1998.
-  L. Cosmides and J. Tooby, “Evolutionary psychology and the emotions,” In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), “Handbook of Emotions,” pp. 91-115, New York:Guilford, 2000.
-  The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition, 2000.
-  M. S. El-Nasr and M. Skubic, “A Fuzzy Emotional Agent for Decision-Making in A Mobile Robot,” Proc. of the 1998 Int. Conf. on Fuzzy Systems, Anchorage, Alaska, pp. 135-140, 1998.
-  K. Wada, T. Shibata, T. Saito, and K. Tanie, “Psychological and Social Effects of One Year Robot Assisted Activity on Elderly People at a Health Service Facility for the Aged,” Proc. (CD-ROM) of 2005 IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, pp. 2796-2801, 2005.
-  C. Bartneck and J. Reichenbach, “Subtle emotional expressions of synthetic characters,” The Int. Journal of Human-Computer Studies, No.62, pp. 179-192, 2005.
-  C. Gershenson, “Modelling Emotions with Multidimensional Logic,” In Proc. of 18th Int. Conf. of the North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society, New York City, pp. 42-46, 1999.
-  J. A. Russell, “A circumplex model of affect,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.39, pp. 1161-1178, 1980.
-  M. M. Ponty, “Phenomenology of Perception,” Trans. Colin Smith, New York: Humanities Press, 1962.
-  N. Kubota, Y. Nojima, N. Baba, F. Kojima, and T. Fukuda, “Evolving Pet Robot with Emotional Model,” Proc. of the 2000 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, La Jolla, CA, pp. 1231-1237, 2000.
-  N. Kubota, J. Pei, and Y. Mori, “An Emotional Model for Natural Communication of A Partner Robot,” Proc. of the 8th Int. Symposium on advanced Intelligent System, No.TA03-1, pp. 153-159, 2007.
-  N. Kubota, T. Shimizu, and M. Abe, “Joint Attention of A Partner Robot Based on Computational Intelligence,” Proc.(CD-ROM) of 2nd Int. Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Informatics (ISCIII 05), pp. 196-201, 2005.
-  N. Kubota and Y. Urushizaki, “Communication Interface for uman-Robot Partnership,” Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol.16, No.5, pp. 526-534, 2004.
-  N. Kubota, M. Satomi, K. Taniguchi, and Y. Nogawa, “Human Three-Dimensional Modeling based on Intelligent Sensor Fusion for A Tele-operated Mobile Robot,” Proc (CD-ROM) of 11th Int. Conf., Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, pp. 98-113, Vietri sul Mare, Italy, 2007.
-  R. S. Sutton, “Learning to Predict by the Methods of Temporal Differences, Machine Learning,” Vol.3, pp. 9-44, 1988.
-  R. S. Sutton and A. G. Barto, “Reinforcement Learning,“ The MIT Press, 1998.
-  W. Gerstner, Spiking Neurons, In W. Maass, and C. M. Bishop, editors, Pulsed Neural Networks, chapter 1, MIT Press, pp. 3-53, 1999.
-  W. Gerstner and W. M. Kistler, “Spiking Neuron Models,” Cambridge University Press, 2002.
-  S. H. Snyder, “Neuroleptic Drugs and Neurotransmitter Receptors.,” Journal of Clinical and Experimental Psychiatry, No.133, pp. 21-31, 1978.
-  W. Senn, H. Markram, and M. Tsodyks, “An Algorithm for Modifying Neurotransmitter Release Probability Based on Pre- and Post-synaptic Spike Timing,” Neural Computation Vol.13, No.1, pp. 35-68, 2001.
-  G. J. Klir and B. Yaun (Eds.), “Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Logic, and Fuzzy Systems,” World Scientific Publishing, 1996.
-  J. S. Jang, C. T. Sun, and E. Mizutani, “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing,” Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1997.
-  T. Fukuda and N. Kubota, “An Intelligent Robotic System Based on a Fuzzy Approach,” Proc. of IEEE, 87(9), pp. 1448-1470, 1999.
-  N. Kubota, “Intelligent Structured Learning for A Robot Based on Perceiving-Acting Cycle,” Proc. of the Twelfth Yale Workshop on Adaptive and Learning Systems, pp. 199-206, 2003.
-  N. Kubota and K. Nishida, “Fuzzy Computing for Communication of A Partner Robot Based on Imitation,” Proc. (CD-ROM) of 2005 IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, pp. 4391-4396, 2005.
-  N. Kubota and K. Nishida, “Human Recognition of A Partner Robot Based on Relevance Theory and Neuro-Fuzzy Computing,” Proc. (CD-ROM) of 2005 IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 2812-2817, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, August 2-6, 2005.
-  N. Kubota and K. Nishida, “Development of Internal Models for Communication of A Partner Robot Based on Computational Intelligence,” Proc. Of 6th Int. Symposium on Advanced Intelligent Systems, pp. 577-582, 2005.
Copyright© 2009 by Fuji Technology Press Ltd. and Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. All right reserved.