JRM Vol.17 No.6 pp. 705-716
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2005.p0705


Development of Infant Behavior Simulator: Modeling Grasping Achievement Based on Developmental Behavior Model and Environmental Interest Induction Model

Koji Kitamura*, Yoshifumi Nishida**, Naoaki Matsumoto*,
Yoichi Motomura**, Tatsuhiro Yamanaka***,
and Hiroshi Mizoguchi*

*Tokyo Univ. of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda-shi, Chiba 278-8510, Japan


***Ryokuen Children’s Clinic

February 7, 2005
June 1, 2005
December 20, 2005
digital human model, human behavior simulator, infant accident

Comprehensive understanding of infant behavior is required to prevent infant accidents in the home. We are developing a system to simulate infant behavior and accidents in virtual space to comprehensively understand infant behavior and accidents. We model infant grasping achievement in daily life, focusing on interaction with objects as a basic function of the infant behavior simulator we are developing. Grasping achievement refers to behavior in which an infant sees an object, approaches it, and grasps it. We classified elements related to infant behavior into developmental behavior, which is an internal factor, and environmental interest induction, which is an external factor. We created models by representing these factors in a stochastic form based on the knowledge on developmental behavior, which is known in the medicine field, and our new findings on environmental interest induction, which was obtained from infant observation. We integrated these models in a stochastic manner to create a grasping achievement model. We validated this model by comparing data on infant behavior with simulation results using the grasping achievement model.

Cite this article as:
Koji Kitamura, Yoshifumi Nishida, Naoaki Matsumoto,
Yoichi Motomura, Tatsuhiro Yamanaka, and
and Hiroshi Mizoguchi, “Development of Infant Behavior Simulator: Modeling Grasping Achievement Based on Developmental Behavior Model and Environmental Interest Induction Model,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.17, No.6, pp. 705-716, 2005.
Data files:
  1. [1] A. L. Wallis, B. E. Cody, and A. D. Mickalide, “Report to the Nation: Trends in Unintentional Childhood Injury Mortality, 1987-2000,” National SAFE KIDS Campaign, 2003.
  2. [2] National Injury Surveillance and Prevention Project: Final Report,
  3. [3] National Center for Injury Prevention and Control,
  4. [4] The Depertment of Trade and Industry,
  5. [5] The Healthy Parents and Children 21 Project,
  6. [6] A. Yonas, C. E. Granrud, M. E. Arterberry, and B. L. Hanson, “Infants Distance Perception from Linear Perspective and Texture Gradients,” in Infant Behavior and Development, 9, pp. 247-256, 1986.
  7. [7] T. Wilcox, “Object individuation: infants’ use of shape, size, pattern, and color,” in Cognition, Vol.72, Issue 2, pp. 125-166, 1999.
  8. [8] Safety Life Information of Metropolis of Tokyo,
  9. [9] T. Tanaka, “Shin Kodomo No Jiko Boshi Manual (New Child Accident Prevention Manual),” Shindan-To-Chiryosha Co., LTD., 2003 (in Japanese).
  10. [10] Y. Nishida, H. Aizawa, T. Hori, N. H. Hoffman, T. Kanade, and M. Kakikura, “3D Ultrasonic Tagging System for Observing Human Activity,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS2003), pp. 785-791, October, 2003.
  11. [11] W. K. Frankenburg, J. Dodds, P. Archer et al., “The DENVER II Training Manual,” Denver, CO: Denver Developmental Materials, Inc., 1992.
  12. [12] The Japanese Society of Child Health, “Japanese Edition DENVER II,” The Japanese Child Medical Press, 2003.
  13. [13] P. Martin, and P. Bateson, “Measuring Behavior,” Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  14. [14] J. J. Gibson, “The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems,” Greenwood Press, Publishers, 1966.
  15. [15] R. Baeza-Yates, “Modern Information Retrieval,” Addison Wesley, 1999.
  16. [16] K. Järvelin, and J. Kekäläinen, “IR evaluation methods for retrieving highly relevant documents,” Proceedings of the 23rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, pp. 41-48, New York, 2000.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Mar. 01, 2021