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JDR Vol.10 No.2 pp. 288-298
(2015)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0288

Paper:

Local People’s Responses to Flood Disasters in Flood Prone Areas of Northeast Bangladesh

Naoki Yamashita* and Terunori Ohmoto**

*Water Resources & Energy Department, Nippon Koei Co., Ltd., 5-4 Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8539, Japan

**Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan

Received:
October 24, 2014
Accepted:
January 28, 2015
Published:
April 1, 2015
Keywords:
flood measures, self, community, public assistance, questionnaire survey, Northeast Bangladesh, flood prone area
Abstract

In the flood prone areas of Bangladesh, local people have adapted to flooding. Essentially, properties are protected against flooding by constructing villages in the highlands on natural levees, while using lowlands as agricultural fields during the dry season. It remains to spread flood inundation condition and exempts the necessity of strengthening measures against flooding. This study aims to clarify the status of self, community, and public assistance for flood disasters in flood prone areas of Northeast Bangladesh based on a questionnaire survey. We extracted similarities and differences between local people’s flood responses by comparing our findings to those of a similar study on a 2006 flood in the Sendai River Basin, Japan. The effects of preventive flood mitigation measures such as selection of house location are quantitatively confirmed. Maximum inundation depth and duration for houses is approximately 10% less than that for agricultural fields. The study reveals that both areas have evacuation activities, although factors motivating evacuation differ.

Cite this article as:
N. Yamashita and T. Ohmoto, “Local People’s Responses to Flood Disasters in Flood Prone Areas of Northeast Bangladesh,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.10, No.2, pp. 288-298, 2015.
Data files:
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Last updated on Jul. 23, 2019