Tsunami Safe Town Planning with Evacuation Simulation
Yoshiyuki Yoshida*1, Takeshi Kimura*2, Yoshikazu Minegishi*3,
and Tomonori Sano*4
*1YSD Laboratory, 1-32-3 Shimura, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 174-0056, Japan
*2A&A Co., Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
*3Takenaka Corporation, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan
*4School of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Saitama, Japan
Tsunami evacuation plans have been deliberately developed by local governments in coastal areas in Japan under guidance from the national government since before the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011. These plans, however, do not mention the time required for all local residents to evacuate to evacuation areas. This paper reports a procedure to design an effective tsunami safe town planning using multi-agent simulator (MAS) which identify a degree of evacuation risk in objective area. A case study is applied to one of the worst hit town of tsunami, in which additional facilities such as evacuation areas, safe buildings, and evacuation routes are proposed as well.
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http://www.e-stat.go.jp/SG1/estat/List.do?bid=000001036149&cycode=0 [accessed July 1, 2012] 728 Journal of Disaster ResearchVol.9No.sp, 2014