Estimation of S-Wave Velocity Profiles and Site Amplification Around the K-NET Tsukidate Station, Miyagi Prefecture, with Reference to Large PGA During the 2011 off Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake, Japan
Hiroaki Yamanaka*1, Kosuke Chimoto*1, Seiji Tsuno*2,
Yadab. P. Dhakal*1, Mohamed Amrouche*1, Nobuyuki Yamada*3,
Shun’ichi Fukumoto*4, and Kiminobu Eto*4
*1Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8502, Japan
*2Railway Technical Research Institute, 2-8-38 Hikari-cho, Kokubunji-shi, Tokyo 185-8540, Japan
*3Fukuoka University of Education, 1-1 Akamabunkyomachi, Munakata City, Fukuoka 811-4192, Japan
*4Tokyo Soil Research Co., Ltd., 2-11-16 Higashigaoka, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-0021, Japan
In this study we investigated site amplifications in shallow soil around Tsukidate station (MYG004) of KNET in Miyagi prefecture with a seismic intensity of 7 during the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake from aftershock observation and microtremor explorations. We conducted aftershock observations by installing 8 temporary stations. We estimated site amplifications of S-wave from the observed data. We found that the predominant period of amplification at a site near MYG004 was 0.2 seconds. The amplification factor at a site on cut ground with a distance of 20 m from MYG004 was significantly different. Furthermore, the amplifications were also different with changing predominant periods from 0.1 to 0.5 seconds in an area of 1 km from MYG004. Shallow Swave velocity profiles were deduced from microtremor array explorations at the stations. Results indicated that shallow low-velocity layers with a thickness of less than 30 meters are responsible for variation of the amplifications. Predominant periods in calculated 1D amplifications were similar to those observed in the aftershock observations. The observed amplification factor at the site nearMYG004, however, was two times larger than the calculated one, suggesting the inappropriateness of the 1D assumption at the site possibly due to the effects of a cliff near MYG004. We also found from horizontal-vertical ratios of microtremors that the site effects on the cliff were also different at frequency higher than 10 Hz within 30 meters around MYG004. This also suggests lateral variation in the site effects at the high frequency near MYG004.
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