Cutaneous Papillomatosis in Cattle
Dairy Hygiene Research Division, Hokkaido Research Station, National Institute of Animal Health, 4 Hitsujigaoka, Toyohira, Sapporo, Hokkaido 062-0045, Japan
Cutaneous papillomatosis in cattle is benign proliferative tumors caused by infection with various types of bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs). The lesions can occur anywhere on the body but are most commonly seen in teat, head, neck and shoulder. Although they are not life-threatening, teat papillomatosis is a distressing disease in dairy cattle and can lead to mastitis, prevent the suckling of calves and make milking impossible. This disease is very common in Japan and heavily affected animals are culled. Recently identified new genotype of BPV is one of the important causative agents for this problem. There is no completely effective treatment and prevention for the cutaneous papillomatosis but a variety of measures has been advocated. This article describes pathological natures of various BPV genotypes associated with cutaneous papillomatoses and the measures for treatment and prevention.
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