Disinfection Against the Outbreaks of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
Epizootiology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Veterinary Science, Research and Education Center for Prevention Global Infectious Diseases of Animals, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
Disinfection in cases of the Foot and mouth disease (FMD) virus is reviewed, starting with a description of the modes of action against pathogens by representative disinfectants such as chlorine and its derivatives and quaternary ammonium, phenolic, iodine, and aldehyde compounds. The virucidal effect of individual disinfectants is then described and virucidal mechanisms of chlorine and its derivatives and quaternary ammonium and iodine compounds are shown. Disinfectants effective against the FMD virus commercially available in Japan are described and experimental data is shown, followed by a description of cleaning and disinfection of animal facilities after an FMD outbreak.
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