single-dr.php

JDR Vol.7 No.3 pp. 264-273
(2012)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2012.p0264

Paper:

Disinfection Against the Outbreaks of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

Junsuke Shirai

Epizootiology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Veterinary Science, Research and Education Center for Prevention Global Infectious Diseases of Animals, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan

Received:
January 25, 2012
Accepted:
January 27, 2012
Published:
April 1, 2012
Keywords:
disinfection, disinfectant, Foot-and-mouth disease, virus
Abstract

Disinfection in cases of the Foot and mouth disease (FMD) virus is reviewed, starting with a description of the modes of action against pathogens by representative disinfectants such as chlorine and its derivatives and quaternary ammonium, phenolic, iodine, and aldehyde compounds. The virucidal effect of individual disinfectants is then described and virucidal mechanisms of chlorine and its derivatives and quaternary ammonium and iodine compounds are shown. Disinfectants effective against the FMD virus commercially available in Japan are described and experimental data is shown, followed by a description of cleaning and disinfection of animal facilities after an FMD outbreak.

Cite this article as:
Junsuke Shirai, “Disinfection Against the Outbreaks of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD),” J. Disaster Res., Vol.7, No.3, pp. 264-273, 2012.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] N. Muroga, Y. Hayama, T. Yamamoto, A. Kurogi, T. Tsuda, and T. Tsutsui, “The foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Japan, 2010,” J. Vet. Med. Sci., Nov. 11, 2011 (Epub ahead of print).
  2. [2] L. J. King, “History and future perspectives of the use of disinfectants in animal health,” Rev. Sci. tech. Off. Int. Epz., Vol.14, No.1, pp. 41-46, 1995.
  3. [3] W. C. Barrette, D. M. Hannum, W. D. Wheeler, and J. K. Jurst, “General mechanism for the bacterial toxicity of hypochlorous acid: abolition of ATP production,” Biochmistry, Vol.28, pp. 9172-9178, 1989.
  4. [4] G. Bruins and J. A. Dyer, “Environmental considerations of disinfectants used in agriculture,” Rev. Sci. tech. Off. Int. Epz., Vol.14, No.1, pp. 81-94, 1995.
  5. [5] N. N. Daoud, N. A. Dickinson, and P. Gilbert, “Antimicrobial activity and physical properties of some alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chlorides,” Microbios, Vol.37, pp. 73-85, 1983.
  6. [6] G. M. Tastayre, and R. Holley, “Choice and use of chemical sanitizers in the food industry,” Communications Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, 1986.
  7. [7] J. Shirai, R. Seki, R. Kamimura, and S. Mitsubayashi, “Effects of invert soap with 0.05% sodium hydroxide on infectious bursal disease virus,” Avian Dis. Vol.38, pp. 240-243, 1994.
  8. [8] J. Shirai, T. Kanno, T. Inoue, S.Mitsubayashi, and R. Seki, “Effects of quaternary ammonium compounds with 0.1% sodium hydroxide on swine vesicular disease virus,” J. Vet. Med. Sci. Vol.59, pp. 323-328, 1997.
  9. [9] C. N. Sawyer and P. L. McCarty, “Chemistry for sanitary engineers, 2nd Ed,” McGraw-Hill, Tronto, pp. 122-125, 1967.
  10. [10] G. Kahn, “Depigmentation caused by phenolic detergent germicides,” Arch. Dermatol., Vol.102, pp. 177-187, 1970.
  11. [11] A. D. Russell, “Principles of antimicrobial activity. In Disinfection, sterilization and preservation, 3rd Ed. (S.S.Block, Ed.),” Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, pp. 717-745, 1983.
  12. [12] A. Sebesteny, G.Milite, and P.Martelossi, “Microbiologically monitored fumigation of newly built SPF laboratory rodent facility,” Lab. Anim., Vol.26, pp. 132-139, 1992.
  13. [13] H. Noll and J. S. Youngner, “Virus-lipid interactions,” The mechanism of adsorption of lipophilic viruses to water insoluble polar lipids. Virology, Vol.8, pp. 319-343, 1959.
  14. [14] M. Klein and A. Deforest, “The chemical inactivation of viruses,” Fed. Proc., Vol.24, No.319, 1965.
  15. [15] M. Klein and A. Deforest, “Principles of viral inactivation,” In Disinfection sterilization and preservation, 3rd Ed. (S.S. Block, Ed),” Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, pp. 422-434, 1983.
  16. [16] F. W. Scott, “Virucidal disinfectants and feline viruses,” Am. J. vet. Res., Vol.41, pp. 410-414, 1979.
  17. [17] J. B. Derbyshire and S. Arkells, “The activity of some chemical disinfectants against Talfan virus and porcine adenovirus type 2,” Br. Vet. J., Vol.127, pp. 137-142, 1971.
  18. [18] D. H. Evans, P. Stuart, and D. H. Roberts, “Disinfection of animal viruses,” Br. Vet. J., Vol.133, pp. 356-359, 1977.
  19. [19] P. Maris, “Activité de divers désinfectants sur sept virus enveloppés,” Ann. Res. Vet., Vol.17, pp. 433-439, 1986.
  20. [20] P. Maris, “Efficacité virucide de huit désinfectants contre le pneumovirus, coronavirus et parvovirus,” Ann. Res. Vet., Vol.21, pp. 275-279, 1990.
  21. [21] W. E. Cotton, “Vesicular stomatitis,” Vet. Med., Vol.22, pp. 169-175, 1927.
  22. [22] G. Tokuda, T. Tokui, M. Khono, T. Nakagawa, T. Kumagai, and J. Sasahara, “Experimental infection of pigs with swine vesicular disease virus isolated in Japan,” Bull. Natl Inst. Anim. Health, Vol.70, pp. 19-26, 1975 (in Japanese with English summary).
  23. [23] J. Shirai, T. Kanno, Y. Tsuchiya, S. Mitsubayashi, and R. Seki, “Effects of chlorine, iodine, and quaternary ammonium compound disinfectants on several exotic disease viruses,” J. Vet. Med. Sci., Vol.62, pp. 85-92, 2000.
  24. [24] K. Sakamoto, T. Kanno, M. Yamakawa, K. Yoshida, R. Yamazoe, and Y. Murakami, “Isolation of foot-and-mouth disease virus from Japanese black cattle in Miyazaki prefecture, Japan, 2000,” J. Vet. Med. Sci., Vol.64, pp. 91-94, 2002.
  25. [25] J. Shirai, “Effects of disinfectants marketed in Japan on the foot-and-mouth disease virus,” J. Jpn. Vet. Med. Assoc., Vol.55, pp. 575-579, 2002 (in Japanese with English summary).
  26. [26] J. M. Owen, “Disinfection of farrowing pens,” Rev. Sci. tech. Off. Int. Epz., Vol.14, No.2, pp. 381-391, 1995.
  27. [27] Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), “The manual of disinfectants against FMD,” Statutory Instrument. Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Japan, 2010.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Sep. 24, 2021