Proposal of a Numerical Simulation Method for Elastic, Failure and Collapse Behaviors of Structures and its Application to Seismic Response Analysis of Masonry Walls
Aiko Furukawa*, Junji Kiyono**, and Kenzo Toki***
*Department of Civil and Earth Resources Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyotodaigaku-katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8540, Japan
**Department of Urban Management, Kyoto University, Kyotodaigaku-katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8540, Japan
***Disaster Mitigation of Urban Cultural Heritage, Ritsumeikan University, 58 Komatsu-bara Kita-machi, Kitaku, Kyoto 603-8341, Japan
We propose a dynamic analysismethod – a refined version of the DEM- that can simulate three-dimensional elastic, failure and collapse behaviors of structures. A structure is modeled as an assembly of rigid elements. Interaction between elements is modeled using multiple springs and multiple dashpots attached to surfaces of the elements. The elements are assumed to be rigid, but the method allows the simulation of structural deformation by permitting penetration between elements. There are two types of springs: one is a restoring spring to simulate elastic behavior before failure and the other is a contact spring for simulating contact and recontact between elements. A contact dashpot is also used to dissipate the energy of contact. Structural failure is modeled by replacing restoring springs with contact springs and dashpots. A method for determining spring constants is also proposed. The validity of the method is confirmed by the numerical simulation of masonry wall models. First, the elastic behavior induced by an impact force is calculated. It is found that the elastic behavior determined using the proposed method is in good agreement with that determined using the finite element method. Second, the seismic behaviors of masonry wall models with different laying patterns and a wall model with reinforcement are analyzed. It is found that the proposed method allows expression of the difference in behavior due to different laying patterns and reinforcement. The validity of the proposed method is thus confirmed. The proposed method is suitable for simulating seismic behavior of masonry structures.
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