A Proposal for Effective Emergency Training and Exercise Program to Improve Competence for Disaster Response of Disaster Responders
Kayoko Takemoto*, Yutaka Motoya*, and Reo Kimura**
*Science Craft, Ltd., Tennou-cho, Echizen-shi, Fukui 915-0068, Japan
**Graduate school of Environment and Disaster Research, Fuji Tokoha University, 325 Ohbuchi, Fuji city, Shizuoka 417-0801, Japan
This paper develops a training and exercise program to improve the competence of disaster responders in emergency situations. The concept of instructional design, one of the theories of learning in the field of education, is used to set learning goals and develop the overall training and exercise program. The learning program developed in the study includes three stages of learning: “learning,” “drilling,” and “exercising.” The program has been improved through three implementations. As a result, evaluations of the effectiveness of the program of training and practice show that it effectively improves one’s disaster response competencies.
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