A Proposal for Effective Emergency Training and Exercise Program to Improve Competence for Disaster Response of Disaster Responders
Kayoko Takemoto*, Yutaka Motoya*, and Reo Kimura**
*Science Craft, Ltd., Tennou-cho, Echizen-shi, Fukui 915-0068, Japan
**Graduate school of Environment and Disaster Research, Fuji Tokoha University, 325 Ohbuchi, Fuji city, Shizuoka 417-0801, Japan
This paper develops a training and exercise program to improve the competence of disaster responders in emergency situations. The concept of instructional design, one of the theories of learning in the field of education, is used to set learning goals and develop the overall training and exercise program. The learning program developed in the study includes three stages of learning: “learning,” “drilling,” and “exercising.” The program has been improved through three implementations. As a result, evaluations of the effectiveness of the program of training and practice show that it effectively improves one’s disaster response competencies.
-  T. Saito, “Discovery of problem of 110 items by Complete Surprise (Practicing Disaster Prevention Forum – How is the Disaster Drill Changed? –), Jiji Press On Demand Booklet No.13, Jiji Press, pp. 28-35, 2006.
-  M. Naganoh, M. Taniai, J. Ikeda, and N. Itoh, “Earthquake Emergency Response Scenario Simulator,” J. of Social Safety Science No.7, pp. 220-221, 1997.11.
-  Y. Hada, Y. Kawata, K. Sakamoto, and N. Takanashi, “Development of a Disaster Response Exercise System,” J. of Social Safety Science No.6, pp. 367-372, 2004.11.
-  Z. Hu, Y. Hada, T. Itou, and Y. Saitou, “A Study on Scenario Making Methods for Disaster Response Exercises by Local Government Personnel,” J. of Social Safety Science No.9, pp. 271-278, 2007.11.
-  Fire and Disaster Management Agency of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, National Protection & Disaster Prevention Department, Emergency Section, “Earthquake Disaster Drill of Local Government (Training on Figure) Investigation Research Report on Execution Points Model,” 2006.
-  H. Hayashi, N. Maki, K. Tamura, and M. Inoguchi, “Introduction to Crisis Management of Organization – How Should I Confront a Risk?,” Maruzen Co. Ltd, pp. 137-139.
-  T. Sashida, H. Hayashi, and M. Naganoh, “Development of Process of Making a Curriculum Cultivating Professionals of Disaster Preparedness Based On Competency Analysis,” J. of Social Safety Science No.8, pp. 377-386, 2006.11.
-  H. Hayashi and K. Shigekawa, “Producing Disaster Ethnography for the Development of Disaster Ethnology,” J. of Social Safety Science No.7, pp. 376-379, 1997.11.
-  J. Nakahara, “Basic Theory of Human Resource Development in Enterprise,” Diamond Inc., 2006.
-  R. M. Gagne, W. W. Wager, K. C. Golas, and J. M. Keller, “Principles of Instructional Design (5th Ed.),” Wadsworth Publishing, 2004.