JACIII Vol.21 No.7 pp. 1180-1188
doi: 10.20965/jaciii.2017.p1180


Interactive Surgery System with 3D Electromagnetic Motion Tracker for Training Surgeons in Skin Cutting Skills Needed in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Yosuke Uozumi* and Kouki Nagamune**

*Research Division on Advanced Information Technology, Cyberscience Center, Tohoku University
6-6-05 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan

**Department of Human and Artificial Intelligence Systems, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Fukui
3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui, Fukui 910-8507, Japan

April 7, 2017
July 31, 2017
November 20, 2017
total knee arthroplasty, surgical training system, computer-aided surgery

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective surgery for knees damaged by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis. This procedure requires an expert surgeon with a high level of skill and experience. Although a navigation system for improving precision and shortening operative time has been already studied, there has not yet been a study done on an instruction system for improving the skills of surgeons. The purpose of this study is to develop a training system that teaches the TKA surgery so that non-expert surgeons can use it to obtain skin-cutting skills. The proposed method includes a simulator for a model knee with a 3D electromagnetism motion tracker. Through experimentation, a method of evaluating incisions into the skin is established by tracing a line with a mock scalpel. The proposed method is applied to six non-experts. The results for the length experiments are 87.82±8.88 (Set 1: non-teaching), 92.66±5.77 (Set 2: teaching), and 92.14±6.17 (Set 3: non-teaching). The results for the position experiments are 70.64±15.11 (Set 1: non-teaching), 83.63±10.07 (Set 2: teaching), and 82.05±7.80 (Set 3: non-teaching). In conclusion, the proposed method succeeds in teaching the operator scalpel incision skills.

Cite this article as:
Y. Uozumi and K. Nagamune, “Interactive Surgery System with 3D Electromagnetic Motion Tracker for Training Surgeons in Skin Cutting Skills Needed in Total Knee Arthroplasty,” J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform., Vol.21 No.7, pp. 1180-1188, 2017.
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