Visual Cue in the Peripheral Vision Field for a Driving Support System
Faculty of Engineering, Shonan Institute of Technology
1-1-25 Tsujido-Nishikaigan, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8511, Japan
This paper deals with the possibility of a new warning method for controlling drivers’ sensitivity for recognizing hazardous factors in the driving environment. The method is based on a visual warning cue in the peripheral vision, which is outside of the central vision. In the human visual field, the central and peripheral vision fields have different processing mechanisms. In this study, the presentation of visual cues in the peripheral vision field is intended to provide a soft visual warning without intrusive interference to the task performed in the central vision. The results of many experiments performed with a 27-in. monitor display showed that a blinking visual cue at a view angle of around 26° from the center provided a good visual stimulus in the peripheral vision without being overlooked or being annoying to the subjects. The subjects tended to perceive the visual stimulus in the peripheral vision field beginning at 60°. A visual cue moving from the outer vision field to the center vision was perceived at around 60° regardless of its speed. A preliminary design guideline for installing visual warnings in the peripheral vision field is proposed.
-  J. A. Misener and S. E. Shladover, “PATH Investigations in Vehicle- Roadside Cooperation and Safety: A Foundation for Safety and Vehicle-Infrastructure Integration Research,” Intelligent Transportation Systems Conf. (ITSC ’06), IEEE, pp. 9-16, 2006.
-  H. Takahashi, “Key Technology Analysis for Driver Support Systems in Japan,” J. of Computer Technology and Application (CTA) David Publishing, Vol.4, No.4, pp. 212-222, 2013.
-  H. Konishi, M. Kokubun, K. Higuchi, T. Kurahashi, and H. Umemura, “Risk Evaluation while Driving by Using Hazard Information (in Japanese),” R&D Review of Toyota CRDL, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 16-23, 2004.
-  Document WP.29-150-22, Guidelines on establishing requirements for high priority warning signals: https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2011/wp29/WP29-153-09e.pdf [Accessed October 15, 2016].
-  M. Wittmann, et al., “Effects of display position of a visual in-vehicle task on simulated driving,” Applied Ergonomics, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 187-199, 2006.
-  D. Lamble, M. Laakso, and H. Summala, “Detection thresholds in car following situations and peripheral vision: Implications for positioning of visually demanding in-car displays,” Ergonomics, Vol.42, No.6, pp. 807-815, 1999.
-  Y. Liu and M. Wen, “Comparison of head-up display (HUD) vs. head-down display (HDD): driving performance of commercial vehicle operators in Taiwan,” Int. J. of Human-Computer Studies, Vol.61, No.5, pp. 679-697, 2004.
-  C. D. Wickens, “The structure of attentional resources,” Attention and performance VIII, 8, 1980.
-  H. Takahashi and H. Honda, “A Study on the Possibility of Applying Subliminal Visual Cue for Guiding Subject’s Attention,” J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform. (JACIII), Vol.16, No.1, pp. 96-107, 2012.
-  H. Takahashi and H. Honda, “A Study on the Change of Operation of Driving Video Game Under Ultrasound Exposure,” J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform. (JACIII), Vol.16, No.1, pp. 117-123, 2012.
-  H. Okumura, “Current and future views of flat panel display,” The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers Technical Report, Circuits and systems, Vol.104, No.556, pp. 19-24, 2005.
-  A. Heijl, G. Lindgren, and J. Olsson, “Normal variability of static perimetric threshold values across the central visual field,” Archives of Ophthalmology, Vol.105, No.11, pp. 1544-1549, 1987.
-  E. M. Rantanen and J. H. Goldberg, “The effect of mental workload on the visual field size and shape,” Ergonomics, Vol.42, No.6, pp. 816-834, 1999.
-  T. Fukuda, “The Functional Difference between Central and Peripheral Vision in Motion Perception,” The J. of the Institute of Television Engineers of Japan, Vol.33, No.6, pp. 479-484, 1979.
-  H. H. Yu, T. A. Chaplin, R. Verma, et al., “A specialized area in limbic cortex for fast analysis of periphera Vision,” Current Biology, Vol.22, pp. 1351-1357, 2012.
-  M. Shimura, H. Suzuki, Y. Shimomura, et al., “Perception of Visual Motion Stimulation in Peripheral Vision During Eye Fixation (in Japanese),” Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 95-102, 2015.
-  M. Funakawa and H. Nemoto, “Ambient Information Display for Peripheral Vision (in japanese),” J. of Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, Vol.64, No.10, pp. 85-89, 2010.
-  J. Wu, S. Miyamoto, T. Kochiyama, et al., “Measurement of the Effect of Aging on the Kinetic Visual Field and Examination of its Application to Traffic Safety (in Japanese),” IATSS Review, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 317-325, 2009.
-  H. Takahashi, “A Study on Guiding an Attention Direction of a Driver by an Ambient Visual Mark,” J. Adv. Comput. Intell. Intell. Inform. (JACIII), Vol.18, No.6, pp. 875-887, 2014.
-  N. Enzer, E. Simonson, and S. S. Blankstein, “Fatigue of patients with circulatory insufficiency, investigated by neans of the fusion frequency of flicker,” Ann. Intern. Med., Vol.16, No.4, pp. 701-707, 1942.
-  S. Reimers and N. Stewart, “Adobe Flash as a medium for online experimentation: A test of reaction time measurement capabilities,” Behavior Research Methods, Vol.39, No.3, pp. 365-370, 2007.
-  Y. Ohyma and H. Ishigaki, “A Study on the Periphery Visual Reaction Time orer a Moring Spot Light Mark (in Japanese),” AIT Associated Repository of Academic Resources, Vol.13, pp. 25-29, 1978.
-  J. Wu, Y. Yu, and J. Yang, “Dependence of Luminance on the Perception of Linear Vection under Different Spatial Frequency Conditions (in Japanese),” The Japanese J. of Ergonomics, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 18-24, 2013.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.