JACIII Vol.20 No.3 pp. 438-447
doi: 10.20965/jaciii.2016.p0438


Control of a Stand-Alone Wind Energy Conversion Systemvia a Third-Harmonic Injection Indirect Matrix Converter

Dan-Yun Li*,**, Qun-Tai Shen*, Zhen-Tao Liu**,†, and Hui Wang*

*School of Information Science and Engineering, Central South University
Changsha, Hunan 410083, China
**School of Automation, China University of Geosciences
Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China
Corresponding author

January 13, 2015
February 15, 2015
Online released:
May 19, 2016
May 19, 2016
third-harmonic injection indirect matrix converter, active third-harmonic current injection circuit, doubly fed induction generator, battery energy storage system, stand-alone wind energy conversion system

A stand-alone doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind power generation system using a third-harmonic injection indirect matrix converter (THIIMC) is proposed. The THIIMC has the same performance of a back-to-back pulse width modulation converter, but does not require the bulky direct current (dc)-link capacitor. Because of both its compact construction and high reliability, it is very suitable for embedding into DFIG-based wind generators. It also overcomes the drawbacks of indirect matrix converters and improves the reactive power output capability. The THIIMC consists of a rectifier-side converter, an inverter-side converter (ISC), and an active third-harmonic current injection circuit. A direct stator voltage vector control scheme for the ISC provides the desired stator voltage to the loads. The control scheme is designed to compensate the reactive power of the loads based on the THIIMC working principle. Maximum power point tracking control is performed by a battery energy storage system, which is placed in the dc-link of the THIIMC to smooth out the power fluctuations caused by load or wind speed variations. Simulation results demonstrate the performance and feasibility of the proposed topology and control scheme.

  1. [1] L. Zhang and C. Watthanasam, “A matrix converter excited doubly-fed induction machine as a wind power generator,” 7th Int. Conf. on Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives, pp. 532-537, 2008.
  2. [2] L. X. Wei and T. A. Lipo, “A Novel Matrix Converter with Simple Commutation,” IAS Annul Meeting, Vol.3, pp. 17491754, 2001.
  3. [3] L. X. Wei, T. A. Lipo, and H. Chan, “Matrix Converter Topologies with Reduced No.of Switches,” IEEE 33rd Annual Power Electronic Specialists Conf., Vol.1, pp. 57-63, 2002.
  4. [4] J. W. Kola, M. Baumann, F. Schafmeister, et al., “Novel three-phase AC-AC sparse matrix converter,” Proc. of the 17th IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conf. and Exposition, Vol.2, pp. 777-791, 2002.
  5. [5] M. Y. Lee, P. Wheeler, and C. Klumpner, “A new modulation method for the three-level-output-stage matrix converter,” IEEE Power Conversion Conf., pp. 776-783, 2007.
  6. [6] N. Holtsmark and M. Molinas, “Matrix converter efficiency in a high frequency link offshore WECS,” 37th Annual Conf. on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, pp. 1420-1425, 2011.
  7. [7] R. Cardenas, R. Pena, R. Ruiz, et al., “Control of a Wind Energy Conversion System based on an induction generator fed by a matrix converter,” Power Electronics Specialists Conf., pp. 2711-2716, 2008.
  8. [8] R. Cardenas, R. Pena, and P. Wheeler, “Analytical and Experimental Evaluation of a WECS Based on a Cage Induction Generation Fed by a Matrix Converter,” IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol.26, Issue 1, 2011.
  9. [9] F. M. Borujeni and M. Ardebili, “DTC-SVM Control Strategy for Induction Machine based on Indirect Matrix Converter in Flywheel Energy storage System,” Power Electronics, Drive Systems and Technologies Conf., pp. 352-357, 2015.
  10. [10] R. Mel'icio, V. M. F. Mendes, and J. P. S. Catalão, “Modeling and Simulation of Wind Energy Systems with Matrix and Multilevel Power Converters,” Latin America Trans., Vol.7, Issue 1, 2009.
  11. [11] S. M. Barakati, M. Kazerani, and J. D. Aplevich, “Maximum power tracking control for a wind turbine system including a matrix converter,” IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol.3, No.24, pp. 705-713, 2009.
  12. [12] D. Y. Li, Q. T. Shen, Z. T. Liu, et al., “Hybrid Modulation Strategy for Two-Stage Matrix Converter and its Application in Vector Control of Doubly Fed Induction Generator,” J. of Advanced Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Informatics (JACIII), Vol.20, No.1, pp. 171-180, 2016.
  13. [13] E. Rezaei, A. Tabesh, and M. Ebrahimi, “Dynamic Model and Control of DFIG Wind Energy Systems Based on Power Transfer Matrix,” IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol.27, Issue 3, 2012.
  14. [14] M. Diaz, R. Cardenas, F. Rojas, and J. Clare, “3-Phase 4-wire matrix converter-based voltage sag/swell generator to test low-voltage ride through in wind energy conversion systems,” IET Power Electronics, Vol.7, Issue 12, 2014.
  15. [15] R. Cardenas, R. Pena, P. Wheeler, et al., “Control of the Reactive Power Supplied by a WECS Based on an Induction Generator Fed by a Matrix Converter,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Vol.56, No.2, 2009.
  16. [16] J. W. Kolar and F. Schafmeiser, “Novel Modulation Schemes Minimizing the Switching Losses of Sparse Matrix Converter,” Proc. of the 29th Annual Conf., Vol.3, pp. 2085-2090, 2003.
  17. [17] H. Wang, M. Su, Y. Sun, et al., “Active third-harmonic injection indirect matrix converters with dual three-phase outputs,” IET Power Electronics, DOI: 10.1049/iet-pel.2014.0703.
  18. [18] H. Wang, M. Su, Y. Sun, et al., “Two-stage Matrix Converter Based on Third-Harmonic Injection Technique,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 533-543, 2016.
  19. [19] A. Nabae and T. Tanaka, “A New Definition of Instantaneous Active-Reactive Current and Power Based on Instantaneous Space Vectors on Polar Coordinates in Three-Phase Circuits,” IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol.11, No.3, pp. 1238-1243, 1996.
  20. [20] S. H. Li, R. Challo, and M. J. Nemmers, “Comparative Study of DFIG Power Control Using Stator-Voltage and Stator-Flux Oriented Frames,” Power & Energy Society General Meeting, pp. 1-8, 2009.
  21. [21] R. Pena, J. C. Clare, and G. M. Asher, “A doubly fed induction generator using back-to-back PWM converters supplying an isolated load from a variable speed wind turbine,” Electric Power Applications, Vol.143, No.5, pp. 380-387, 1996.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Mar. 24, 2017