IJAT Vol.16 No.5 pp. 634-641
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2022.p0634

Technical Paper:

A Compound Control Algorithm for Height Following of Laser Cutting Head

Wu Da*, Zeng Chunnian*, Luo Jie*, Yan Shu*,†, Chen Lei*, and Jinmin Hu**

*Wuhan University of Technology
122 Luoshi Road, Hongshan District, Wuhan 430070, China

Corresponding author

**Shenzhen Road Rover Technology Co., Ltd., Shenzhen, China

December 24, 2021
April 27, 2022
September 5, 2022
laser cutting, height following control, fuzzy PID control, acceleration closed-loop control

A composite algorithm combined with fuzzy proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control and acceleration closed-loop control is proposed to address the defects of slow response speed, strong oscillation, and long adjustment time of the current height following control system for a laser cutting head. The fuzzy PID control can satisfy the different requirements for the control parameters in each stage of the height follow-up adjustment process for the laser cutting head via the adaptive adjustment of the PID parameters. Accordingly, the height following error can be attenuated to the set positioning accuracy range. The acceleration closed-loop control can improve the acceleration and deceleration performance of the system through the positive and negative feedback regulation of the motion acceleration of the laser cutting head to achieve high-speed servo. An experimental bench of height follow-up control system for laser fabrication is developed to verify the effectiveness of the algorithm. Through experimental verification, compared with the conventional digital PID incremental algorithm, this composite control algorithm can accelerate the response speed of height follow-up control system for the laser cutting head, improve the dynamic performance of the system, and realize fast and precise servo control of laser cutting head height under the premise of ensuring positioning accuracy. The proposed algorithm is expected to lay a foundation for the development of the new intelligent laser processing system.

Cite this article as:
W. Da, Z. Chunnian, L. Jie, Y. Shu, C. Lei, and J. Hu, “A Compound Control Algorithm for Height Following of Laser Cutting Head,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.16 No.5, pp. 634-641, 2022.
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