single-au.php

IJAT Vol.14 No.2 pp. 280-293
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2020.p0280
(2020)

Technical Paper:

Driving Performance of Natural Fiber Gears Made Only from Bamboo Fibers Extracted with a Machining Center

Tetsuya Kawabata*,†, Toshiki Hirogaki*, Eiichi Aoyama*, and Hiromichi Nobe**

*Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University
1-3 Tataramiyakodani, Kyotanabe-shi, Kyoto 610-0394, Japan

Corresponding author

**Mifuji Kikai Inc., Tatebayashi, Japan

Received:
August 27, 2019
Accepted:
December 13, 2019
Published:
March 5, 2020
Keywords:
bamboo fiber, gear, tooth meshing, tooth root strain, acceleration
Abstract

Plastic gears are light and can be used without any lubricant, but they have low strength and an adverse effect on the environment. Therefore, a new gear that maintains these advantages while mitigating the disadvantages has been proposed. The development of sustainable and reproducible natural materials is desired to address these environmental problems. Therefore, in this study, a method was devised to extract high-quality and precise bamboo fibers using a machining center. Then, the hot press method was used to produce a novel spur gear made from only bamboo fibers, which is a green and organic machine element with a complicated shape. The present paper describes the characteristics of the proposed bamboo fiber gears, considering experimental results, including the hot press molding conditions, and the influence of fiber length on tooth bending strength, root strain, and vibration due to meshing teeth.

Cite this article as:
Tetsuya Kawabata, Toshiki Hirogaki, Eiichi Aoyama, and Hiromichi Nobe, “Driving Performance of Natural Fiber Gears Made Only from Bamboo Fibers Extracted with a Machining Center,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.14, No.2, pp. 280-293, 2020.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] K. Ogawa, T. Hirogaki, E. Aoyama, and H. Imamura, “Bamboo Fiber Extraction Method Using a Machining Center,” J. of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems, and Manufacturing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 550-559, 2008.
  2. [2] M. Taniguchi, T. Hirogaki, E. Aoyama, K. Ogawa, and S. Ogawa, “Sustainable Manufacturing System Focusing on the Natural Growth of Bamboo,” Proc. of LEM21, pp. 523-528, 2009.
  3. [3] K. Okubo, T. Fujii, and Y. Yamamoto, “Development of bamboo-based polymer composites and their mechanical properties,” Composites Part A, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 377-383, 2004.
  4. [4] H. Takagi and Y. Ichihara, “Effect of fiber Length on Mechanical Properties of Green Composites Using a Starch-Based Resin and Short Bamboo fibers,” JSME Int. J. Series A, Vol.47, No.4, pp. 551-555, 2004.
  5. [5] O. Yamashita, H. Yokochi, H. Imanishi, and K. Kanayama, “Transfer molding of bamboo,” J. of Materials Processing Technology, Vols.192-193, No.1, pp. 259-264, 2007.
  6. [6] C. Grande and F. G. Torres, “Investigation of fiber organization and damage during single screw extrusion of natural fiber reinforced thermoplastics,” Advances in Polymer Technology, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 145-156, 2005.
  7. [7] N. Sgriccia and M. Hawley, “Thermal, morphological, and electrical characterization of microwave processed natural fiber composites,” Composites Science and Technology, Vol.67, No.9, pp. 1986-1991, 2007.
  8. [8] S. Senthilvelan and R. Gnanamoorthy, “Damping characteristics of unreinforced, glass and carbon fiber reinforced nylon 6/6 spur gears,” Polymer Testing, Vol.25, pp. 56-62, 2006.
  9. [9] N. Tsukamoto and K. Terashima, “Development of Plastic Gears for Power Transmission: Various Methods of Lengthening the Life of Plastic Gears and Their Effect,” Bulletin of JSME, Vol.29, Issue 247, pp. 249-255, 1986.
  10. [10] N. Tsukamoto, H. Maruyama, and K. Terashima, “Fundamental Characteristics of Plastic Gears Made of Thermoplastic Resin Filled with Various Fibers,” JSME Int. J., Ser.3, Vibration, Control Engineering, Engineering for Industry, Vol.33, No.4, pp. 590-596, 1990.
  11. [11] J. R. Davis, “Gear materials, properties, and manufacture,” ASM Int., pp. 77-88, 2005.
  12. [12] K. Gupta, R. F. Laubscher, J. Paulo Davim, and N. K. Jain, “Recent developments in sustainable manufacturing of gears: a review,” J. Clean. Prod., Vol.112, pp. 3320-3330, 2016.
  13. [13] K. Ogawa, T. Hirogaki, E. Aoyama, M. Taniguchi, and S. Ogawa, “Fabrication of Binder-free Green Composite Using Bamboo Fiber Extracted with a Machining Center,” Key Engineering Materials, Vols.447-448, pp. 760-764, 2010.
  14. [14] K. Ogawa, T. Hirogaki, E. Aoyama, and H. Imamura, “Bamboo Fiber Extraction Method Using a Machining Center,” J. of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems, and Manufacturing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 550-559, 2008.
  15. [15] K. Ogawa, T. Hirogaki, E. Aoyama, and H. Imamura, “Bamboo fiber Extraction Method Using a Machining Center,” J. of Advanced Mechanical Design Systems, and Manufacturing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 550-559, 2008.
  16. [16] Y. Takagi, K. Ogawa, T. Hirogaki, and E. Aoyama, “Binder-Free Green Composite Using Bamboo Fibres Extracted with a Machining Centre, Influence of Moisture Absorption on Mechanical Properties,” Key Engineering Materials, Vol.516, pp. 215-221, 2012.
  17. [17] S. Nishida, E. Aoyama, T. Hirogaki, K. Ogawa, and H. Nobe, “Development of Natural Fiber Gears Made From Only Bamboo Fibers Extracted with Machining Center,” Proc. of AMPT2012 (CD-ROM), 11480, 1, 2012.
  18. [18] A. Kahraman and G. W. Blankenship, “Effect of Involute Contact Ratio on Spur Gear Dynamics,” Trans. of ASME, Vol.121, pp. 112-118, 1999.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Sep. 14, 2021