IJAT Vol.14 No.2 pp. 294-303
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2020.p0294


Evaluation of Machine Tool Spindle Using Carbon Fiber Composite

Ryo Kondo, Daisuke Kono, and Atsushi Matsubara

Department of Micro Engineering, Kyoto University
Kyoto daigaku-katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8540, Japan

Corresponding author

August 7, 2019
February 12, 2020
March 5, 2020
spindle, composite, carbon fiber

Spindle is one of the most important component of machine tools because spindle’s performance including thermal property and dynamic property greatly influences the accuracy and productivity in machining process. This study investigates the effect of the application of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) to the spindle shaft on the performance of machine tool spindles. CFRP and steel spindle shafts with the same geometry were developed for fair comparison. Thermal and dynamic properties of the developed shaft and spindle unit were evaluated and compared. The experimental and simulation results showed that the CFRP spindle shaft improved the axial thermal displacement and dynamic stiffness. The axial thermal displacement was decreased to 1/3 of that of the steel spindle. The compliance was also decreased to 1/2. The design of the thermal displacement distribution around the bearing should be an important issue in the CFRP spindle for the thermal stability of the dynamic property.

Cite this article as:
R. Kondo, D. Kono, and A. Matsubara, “Evaluation of Machine Tool Spindle Using Carbon Fiber Composite,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.14, No.2, pp. 294-303, 2020.
Data files:
  1. [1] E. Abele, Y. Altintas, and C. Brecher, “Machine tool spindle units,” CIRP Ann. – Manuf. Technol., Vol.59, No.2, pp. 781-802, 2010.
  2. [2] T. Moriwaki, “Thermal Deformation and its On-Line Compensation of Hydrostatically Supported Precision Spindle,” CIRP Ann. – Manuf. Technol., Vol.37, No.1, pp. 393-396, 1988.
  3. [3] T. Moriwaki and E. Shamoto, “Analysis of thermal deformation of an ultraprecision air spindle system,” CIRP Ann. – Manuf. Technol., Vol.47, No.1, pp. 315-319, 1998.
  4. [4] A. Matsubara, R. Sawamura, K. Asano, and T. Muraki, “Non-contact measurement of dynamic stiffness of rotating spindle,” Procedia CIRP, Vol.14, pp. 484-487, 2014.
  5. [5] T. Shinshi, K. Sato, and A. Shimokohbe, “A Compact Aerostatic Spindle Integrated with an Axial Positioning Actuator for Micro and Ultra-Precision Machine Tools,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.2, No.1, pp. 56-63, 2007.
  6. [6] J. Königsberg, J. Reiners, B. Ponick, B. Denkena, and B. Bergmann, “Highly dynamic spindle integrated magnet actuators for chatter reduction,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.12, No.5, pp. 669-677, 2018.
  7. [7] M. Oda, T. Torihara, E. Kondo, and N. Kumazawa, “Feasibility Study of a Hybrid Spindle System with Ball and Active Magnetic Bearings for Quadrant Glitch Compensation During End Milling,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.13, No.3, pp. 432-439, 2019.
  8. [8] H. Mizumoto, Y. Tazoe, T. Hirose, and K. Atoji, “Performance of high-speed precision air-bearing spindle with active aerodynamic bearing,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.9, No.3, pp. 297-302, 2015.
  9. [9] I. Mancisidor, X. Beudaert, G. Aguirre, R. Barcena, and J. Munoa, “Development of an active damping system for structural chatter suppression in machining centers,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.12, No.5, pp. 642-649, 2018.
  10. [10] S. Morimura, “Development of new spindle cooling technology that concentrates cooling near front bearing,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.9, No.6, pp. 698-706, 2015.
  11. [11] K. Mori, B. Bergmann, D. Kono, B. Denkena, and A. Matsubara, “Energy efficiency improvement of machine tool spindle cooling system with on-off control,” CIRP J. Manuf. Sci. Technol., Vol.25, pp. 14-21, 2019.
  12. [12] T. Yamazaki, T. Muraki, A. Matsubara, M. Aoki, K. Iwawaki, and K. Kawashima, “Development of a High-Performance Spindle for Multitasking Machine Tools,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.3, No.4, pp. 378-384, 2009.
  13. [13] Y. Namba, R. Wada, K. Unno, A. Tsuboi, and K. Okamura, “Ultra-Precision Surface Grinder Having a Glass-Ceramic Spindle of Zero-Thermal Expansion,” CIRP Ann. – Manuf. Technol., Vol.38, No.1, pp. 331-334, 1989.
  14. [14] M. Miyauchi, H. Kakishima, and Y. Fukase, “Machine tool spindle,” Japan Patent Kokai H08-66803, March 12, 1996.
  15. [15] D. G. Lee, H. C. Sin, and N. P. Suh, “Manufacturing of a Graphite Epoxy Composite Spindle for a Machine Tool,” CIRP Ann. – Manuf. Technol., Vol.34, No.1, pp. 365-369, 1985.
  16. [16] K. G. Bang and D. G. Lee, “Design of carbon fiber composite shafts for high speed air spindles,” Compos. Struct., Vol.55, No.2, pp. 247-259, 2002.
  17. [17] D. G. Lee and J. K. Choi, “Design and manufacture of an aerostatic spindle bearing system with carbon fiber-epoxy composites,” J. of Composite Materials, Vol.34, pp. 1150-1175, 2000.
  18. [18] Compo Tech PLUS website. [Accessed August 7, 2019]
  19. [19] D. Kono, S. Mizuno, T. Muraki, and M. Nakaminami, “A machine tool motorized spindle with hybrid structure of steel and carbon fiber composite,” CIRP Ann. - Manuf. Technol., Vol.68, No.1, pp. 389-392, 2019.
  20. [20] R. Joven and B. Minaie, “Thermal properties of autoclave and out-of-autoclave carbon fiber-epoxy composites with different fiber weave configurations,” J. Compos. Mater., Vol.52, No.29, pp. 4075-4085, 2018.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Sep. 24, 2020