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IJAT Vol.11 No.2 pp. 258-269
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2017.p0258
(2017)

Paper:

Laser-Assisted Milling of Zirconia with Systematically Determined Machining Conditions

Toru Kizaki, Yusuke Ito, Naohiko Sugita, and Mamoru Mitsuishi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
September 6, 2016
Accepted:
November 8, 2016
Published:
March 1, 2017
Keywords:
laser-assisted machining, Y-TZP finite element method, genetic algorithm, machinability
Abstract

Yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) is a promising material for dental restoratives. Although grinding or polishing with diamond tools is widely used to machine Y-TZP, the processing efficiency and cost of the process are problematic. In this study, we applied laser-assisted machining (LAM) to Y-TZP, in which non-diamond tools were used. Unlike LAM applied to other materials, decrease of the fracture toughness at elevated temperatures which is a unique feature of the Y-TZP was adopted as a key mechanism for machinability enhancement. In addition, a systematic method to determine the LAM conditions was proposed. In this study, we explain the LAM condition-determining method, which is based on numerical simulations of the temperature distribution. Secondly, the determining method was evaluated through a series of LAM experiments to obtain the appropriate LAM conditions. Using the determined conditions, LAM of Y-TZP was demonstrated to be effective; the thrust force was reduced by 51.3% and the tool wear was significantly reduced, while no cracks formed on the Y-TZP.

Cite this article as:
T. Kizaki, Y. Ito, N. Sugita, and M. Mitsuishi, “Laser-Assisted Milling of Zirconia with Systematically Determined Machining Conditions,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.11, No.2, pp. 258-269, 2017.
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