single-au.php

IJAT Vol.11 No.2 pp. 270-277
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2017.p0270
(2017)

Paper:

Development of Tactile Globe for the Visually Impaired (Automation of Marking Using an Industrial Robot)

Naoki Asakawa*,†, Ryota Kito**, and Keigo Takasugi*

*Kanazawa University
Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-1192, Japan

Corresponding author

**Nakamura-Tome Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
Ro15 Netsuno, Hakusan, Ishikawa 920-2195, Japan

Received:
September 3, 2016
Accepted:
November 24, 2016
Published:
March 1, 2017
Keywords:
industrial robot, CAM, globe, visually impaired
Abstract

In spite of the importance of the globe as an educational and cultural tool, for visually impaired users, common globes are just spherical objects. Although there are commercially available globes for visually impaired users, globes that have convex and concave features on the surface denoting coastlines and country borders, most of them are expensive because they are made by hand. Consequently, visually impaired users wishing to purchase globes have a very limited range of choices. In terms of industrial production, producing globes with convex and concave surfaces essentially involves machining a spherical surface. For instance, with common machine tools, even positioning or marking a spherical surface of a certain size is very difficult operation since the posture of the tool must change dramatically. The purpose of the study is to develop a CAM system to design the surface of tactile globes suitable for individual needs and to manufacture them for the visually impaired at low cost and with a short lead time. In the report, as the first step, a method of holding the sphere and marking it via 3D-CAD/CAM technology and the control technology of an industrial robot is proposed. As a result, the system enables the marking of the coastlines and country borders on spheres automatically using our own CAM system and an industrial robot.

Cite this article as:
N. Asakawa, R. Kito, and K. Takasugi, “Development of Tactile Globe for the Visually Impaired (Automation of Marking Using an Industrial Robot),” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.11, No.2, pp. 270-277, 2017.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] S. Snowdon, “Teaching Geography to Visually Impaired Students,” QLS Staffordshire County Council, http://www.sln.org.uk /geography/segs01.htm [Accessed September 2, 2016]
  2. [2] B. L. McGinnity, J. Seymour-Ford, and K. J. Andries, “Geography,” Perkins History Museum, Perkins School for the Blind, http://www.perkins.org/history/curriculum/geography [Accessed September 2, 2016]
  3. [3] Räthgloben, 1917 Verlags GmbH, Relief-Leuchtglobus FRI 30 15, http://www.raethgloben.de/kollektionen/raethgloben-leipzig/relief-leuchtglobus-fri-30-15 [Accessed September 2, 2016]
  4. [4] Sun Kougei Co. Ltd., Barrier-free globe, http://www.sunkogei.co.jp /history/ [Accessed September 2, 2016]
  5. [5] Educational Insights Co. Ltd., GeoSafari Talking Globe, https: //www.educationalinsights.com/ [Accessed September 2, 2016]
  6. [6] Doshisha Co. Ltd., Perfect globe, http://perfectglobe.net/ [Accessed September 2, 2016]
  7. [7] Reha Vision Co. Ltd., Talking globe, https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=pIv4D2oHIbk [Accessed September 2, 2016]
  8. [8] Japanese Industrial Standards, JIS T 0921:2006
  9. [9] Blue Marble Geographics Co. Ltd.: Global Mapper, http://www. globalmapper.com/ [Accessed September 2, 2016]
  10. [10] K. Takasugi, N. Asakawa, and Y. Morimoto, “A Surface Parameter-Based Method for Accurate and Efficient Tool Path Generation,” Int. J. Automation Tecnol., Vol.8, No.3, pp. 428-436, 2014.
  11. [11] N. Asakawa, F. Saegusa, and M. Hirao, “Automation of Deburring by a Material-Handling Robot – Generation of a Deburring Path Based on a Characteristic Model –,” Int. J. Automation Tecnol., Vol.4, No.1, pp. 26-32, 2010.
  12. [12] Y. Okugawa, N. Asakawa, and M. Okada, “Development of a System for Measuring the Thickness of Free Curved Plates –Measurement Posture Planning Using C-Space –,” Int. J. Automation Tecnol., Vol.7, No.5, pp. 593-600, 2013.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Dec. 18, 2018