Machine Tool Energy Efficiency – A Component Mapping-Based Approach
Timo Schudeleit†, Simon Züst, Lukas Weiss, and Konrad Wegener
Institute of Machine Tools and Manufacturing (IWF), ETH Zürich
Technoparkstrasse 1, 8005 Zürich, Switzerland
This work presents an approach for a generic energy efficiency evaluation of MTs. Component-specific behavior is investigated and aggregated in order to entirely describe the power consumption of a MT for any utilization by power mapping. Power maps contain all possible operational scenarios under the condition of the component boundaries. The approach allows a generic MT evaluation independent on the utilization and forms the base for future MT energy efficiency labelling. The presented approach is applied and validated in a practical case study.
-  European Commission (EC), 2009. Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-related products. Available: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009L0125&from=EN [accessed Apr. 5, 2016]
-  European Union (EU), 2012. Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC. Available: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2012:315:0001:0056:EN:PDF [accessed Apr. 5, 2016]
-  European Union (EU), 2010. Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the indication by labelling and standard product information of the consumption of energy and other resources by energy-related products. Available: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:153:0001:0012:en:PDF [accessed Apr. 5, 2016]
-  S. Wiel and J. E. McMahon, “Energy-efficiency labels and standards: a guidebook for appliances, equipment, and lighting,” 2005, Available: http://www.superefficient.org/Resources/˜/media/Files/Street%20Lighting/SL%20Guidebook.pdf [accessed Mar. 16, 2015]
-  European Commission (EC), 2013. Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council – on the voluntary ecodesign scheme for imaging equipment. Available: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52013DC0023&from=EN [accessed Apr. 5, 2016]
-  K. Schischke, E. Hohwieler, R. Feitscher, S. Kreuschner, P. Wilpert, and N. Nissen, “Energy-Using Product Group Analysis – Lot 5 – Machine tools and related machinery – Task 6 Report – Improvement potential,” 2012. Available: http://www.eup-network.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Produktgruppen/Lots/Final_Documents/EuP_Lot5_Task3_March2012.pdf [accessed Apr. 5, 2016]
-  International Energy Agency (IEA), 2015. IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2015. Available: http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/KeyWorld_Statistics_2015.pdf [accessed Jan. 20, 2016]
-  T. Gutowski, C. Murphy, D. Allen, D. Bauer, B. Bras, T. Piwonka, P. Sheng, J. Sutherland, D. Thurston, and E. Wolff, “Environmentally benign manufacturing: observations from Japan, Europe and the United States,” Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol.13, pp. 1-17, 2005.
-  M. Gebhardt, A. Schneeberger, S. Weikert, W. Knapp, and K. Wegener, “Thermally caused location errors of rotary axes of 5-axis machine tools,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.8, pp. 511-522, 2014.
-  R. Züst, S. Züst, and S. Studer, “Ecodesign-Potenzialanalyse in der Schweizer MEM-Industrie – eine explorative Studie,” 2010, Available: http://www.zuestengineering.ch/downloads/Schlussbericht_Ecodesign-MEM_Kurzfassung.pdf [accessed Apr. 5, 2016]
-  ISO 14955-1:2014 – Machine tools – Environmental evaluation of machine tools – Part 1: Design methodology for energy-efficient machine tools, Int. Organization for Standardization (ISO), 2014.
-  DIN EN ISO 50001:2011 – Energy management systems – Requirements with guidance for use, Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN), 2011.
-  K. Bunse, J. Sachs, and M. Vodicka, “Evaluating energy efficiency improvements in manufacturing processes,” in Advances in Production Management Systems. New Challenges, New Approaches – IFIP advances in information and communication technology, Vol.338, B. Vallespir and T. Alix (Eds.), ed. Berlin Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 19-26, 2010.
-  A. Dietmair and A. Verl, “Energy consumption modeling and optimization for production machines,” in IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies, pp. 574-579, 2008.
-  M. G. Patterson, “What is energy efficiency?: Concepts, indicators and methodological issues,” Energy policy, Vol.24, pp. 377-390, 1996.
-  ISO/TR 14062:2002 – Environmental management – Integrating environmental aspects into product design and development, Int. Organization for Standardization (ISO), 2002.
-  T. Gutowski, J. Dahmus, and A. Thiriez, “Electrical energy requirements for manufacturing processes,” in 13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, 2006.
-  E. O’Driscoll, D. O’Cusack, and G. E. O’Donnell, “The Characterisation of Energy Consumption in Manufacturing Facilities – A Hierarchical Approach,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.7, pp. 727-734, 2013.
-  A. Gontarz, L. Weiss, and K. Wegener, “Energy consumption measurement with a multichannel measurement system on a machine tool,” presented at the International Conference on Innovative Technologies IN-TECH 2010, Prague, Czech Republic, 2010.
-  D. N. Kordonowy, “A power assessment of machining tools,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2002.
-  T. Gutowski, J. Dahmus, A. Thiriez, M. Branham, and A. Jones, “A thermodynamic characterization of manufacturing processes,” presented at the 2007 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics & the Environment, May 7-10, Orlando, Forida, USA, 2007.
-  E. Abele and C. Eisele, “Energieeffiziente Produktionsmaschinen durch Simulation in der Produktentwicklung, Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftlichen Fabrikbetrieb: ZWF,” Carl Hanser Verlag, München, Vol.105, pp. 980-983, 2010.
-  S. Braun and U. Heisel, “Simulation and Prediction of Process-Oriented Energy Consumption of Machine Tools, in Leveraging Technology for a Sustainable World,” D. A. Dornfeld and B. S. Linke (Eds.), ed. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 245-250, 2012.
-  A. Gontarz, S. Züst, L. Weiss, and K. Wegener, “Energetic machine tool modeling approach for energy consumption prediction,” presented at the 10th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing GCSM 2012, Istanbul, Turkey, 2012.
-  R. Larek, E. Brinksmeier, D. Meyer, T. Pawletta, and O. Hagendorf, “A discrete-event simulation approach to predict power consumption in machining processes,” Production Engineering, Vol.5, pp. 575-579, 2011.
-  B. Kuhrke, “Methode zur Energie und Medienbedarfsbewertung spanender Werkzeugmaschinen,” Darmstadt, 2011.
-  S. Thiede, “Energy efficiency in manufacturing systems,” Berlin New York: Springer, 2012.
-  K. Wegener, L. Weiss, and A. Gontarz, “Methods and Tools for Evaluation of Energy Efficiency in Production,” in International Chemnitz Manufacturing Colloquium ICMC 2012, 2nd International Colloquium of the Cluster of Excellence eniPROD, Auerbach, pp. 593-614, 2012.
-  T. Schudeleit, S. Züst, and K. Wegener, “Methods for Evaluation of Energy Efficiency of Machine Tools,” Energy, Vol.93, pp. 1964-1970, 2015.
-  Kistler Instrumente AG, 2005. Data sheet, Type 9121, 9151A, 9153A, 9155A. Available: http://www.helmar.com.pl/helmar/plik/9121_nn3840.pdf [accessed Jan. 22, 2016]
-  Kistler Instrumente AG, 2014. Ladungsverstärker – Mehrkanal–Labor–Ladungsverstärker – Typ 5080A. Available: https://www.kistler.com/?type=669&fid=33677 [accessed Jan. 22, 2016]
-  S. Züst, A. Gontarz, F. Pavlivcek, J. Mayra, K. Wegener, “Model based prediction approach for internal machine tool heat sources on the level of subsystems,” presented at the 3rd CIRP Global Web Conference, 2014.
-  T. Schudeleit, S. Züst, L. Weiss, and K. Wegener, “The Total Energy Efficiency Index for Machine Tools, Energy,” Vol.102, pp. 682-693, 2016.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.