High-Quality End Milling of CFRP – Inclination Milling with High-Helix End Mill –
Akira Hosokawa*,†, Naoya Hirose**, Takashi Ueda***, Tomohiro Koyano*, and Tatsuaki Furumoto*
*Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Kanazawa University
Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-1192, Japan
†Corresponding author, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
**Hokuriku Electric Power Company, Ishikawa, Japan
***Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Side milling tests of CFRP (carbon fiber reinforced plastics) containing thermosetting resin are carried out by TiAlN/AlCrN-coated, H2-free DLC (diamond-like carbon)-coated, and CVD diamond-coated carbide end mills without coolant. Two types of end mills having different helix angles of 30° and 60° are used. The film thickness and surface smoothness are varied for the DLC-coated end mills. The cutting characteristics are evaluated by tool wear and surface integrity (i.e., 3D profiles of the machined surface, generation of fluffing, delamination, and pull-out of the carbon fibers). The cutting force and tool flank temperature are also examined for the two types of CFRP composites and the helix angle of the end mill. “Inclination milling,” in which the end mill is tilted so that the resultant cutting force acts parallel to the work surface, is proposed as a novel technique to be used with a high-helix angle end mill. This unique approach enables the reduction of tool wear and improves the surface integrity of machined CFRP surfaces.
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