single-au.php

IJAT Vol.10 No.2 pp. 231-238
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2016.p0231
(2016)

Technical Paper:

Anisotropic Stiffness Design for Mechanical Parts Fabricated by Multi-Material Additive Manufacturing

Toshitake Tateno

Meiji University
1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571, Japan

Corresponding author,

Received:
October 6, 2015
Accepted:
February 8, 2016
Online released:
March 4, 2016
Published:
March 5, 2016
Keywords:
stiffness, multi-material, additive manufacturing, internal structure
Abstract

Stiffness is an important property of mechanical structures, particularly when it is necessary for a structure to contact other structures while in motion. In this study, we employed the advantages of additive manufacturing (AM) technology to create a multi-material structure and to investigate its stiffness properties. Herein, we also present an analytical model for designing a mechanical structure consisting of two-material, single-beam units, which was verified using a finite element simulation in our study. As an example, a two-material structure with the desired stiffness was fabricated using commercially available AM technology and employing both a soft material (natural rubber) and a hard material (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin, ABS).

Cite this article as:
T. Tateno, “Anisotropic Stiffness Design for Mechanical Parts Fabricated by Multi-Material Additive Manufacturing,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.10, No.2, pp. 231-238, 2016.
Data files:
References
  1. [1]  I. Gibson, D. Rosen, and B. Stucker, “Additive Manufacturing Technologies: 3D Printing, Rapid Prototyping, and Direct Digital Manufacturing,” 2nd ed., Springer, 2014.
  2. [2]  P. Bartolo, J. P. Kruth, J. Silva, G. Levy, A. Malshe, K. Rajurkar, M. Mitsuishi, J. Ciurana, and M. Leu, “Biomedical production of implants by additive electro-chemical and physical processes,” CIRP Annals – Manufabturing Technology, Vol.61, pp. 635–655, 2012.
  3. [3]  R. V. Noort, “The future of dental devices is digital,” Dental Materials, Vol.28, pp. 3–12, 2012.
  4. [4]  M. Tomlin and J. Meyer, “Topology Optimization of an Additive Layer Manufactured (ALM) Aerospace Part,” Altair CAE Technology Conf., 2011.
  5. [5]  H. Koresawa, H. Fukumaru, M. Kojima, J. Iwanaga, H. Narahara, and H. Suzuki, “Design Method for Inner Structure of Injection Mold Fabricated by Metal Laser Sintering,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.6, No.5, pp. 591–596, 2012.
  6. [6]  H. V. Wang, “A Unit Cell Approach for Lightweight Structure and Compliant Mechanism,” Georgia Institute of Technology, 2005.
  7. [7]  H. Narahara, S. Takeshita, H. Fukumaru, H. Koresawa, and H. Suzuki, “Permeability Performance on Porous Structure of Injection Mold Fabricated by Metal Laser Sintering Combined with High Speed Milling,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.6, No.5, pp. 584–590, 2012.
  8. [8]  T. Nakamoto, N. Shirakawa, K. Kishida, K. Tanaka, and H. Inui, “Synthesis of Porous Titanium with Directional Pores by Selective Laser Melting,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.6, No.5, pp. 604–610, 2012.
  9. [9]  M. Vaezi, S. Chianrabutra, B. Mellor, and S. Yang, “Multiple material additive manufacturing – Part 1; review,” Virtual and Physical Prototyping, Vol.8, No.1, pp. 19–50, 2013.
  10. [10]  A. M. M. S. Ulah, H. Hashimoto, A. Kubo, and J. Tamaki, “Sustainability analysis of rapid prototyping: maerial/resource and process perspectives,” Int. J. of Sustainable Manufacturing, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 20–36, 2013.
  11. [11]  A. M. M. S. Ulah, A. Fuji, A. Kubo, and J. Tamaki, “Analyzing the Sustainability of Biometallic Components,” In. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.8, No.5, pp. 745–753, 2014.
  12. [12]  M. Tomlin and J. Meyer, “Topology Optimization of an Additive Layer Manufactured (ALM) Aerospace Part,” Altair CAE Technology Conf., Optimal design, 2011.
  13. [13]  D. W. Rosen, “Computer-aided design for additive manufacturing of cellular structures,” Computer-Aided Design & Application, Vol.4, No.5, pp. 585–594, 2007.
  14. [14]  X. Huang, A. Radman, and Y. M. Xie, “Topological design of microstructures of cellular materilas for maximum bulk or shear modulus,” Computational Materials Science, Vol.50, No.6, pp. 1861–1870, 2011.
  15. [15]  L. Yang, O. Harrysson, H. West, and D. Cornier, “Mechanical properties of 3D re-entrant honeycomb auxetic structures realized via additive manufacturing,” Int. Journal of Solid and Structures, Vols.69–70, pp. 475–490, 2015. [16] Y. Tag, A. Kuruz, and Y. F. Zhao, “Bidirectional Evolutionary Structural Optimization (BESO) based design method for lattice structure to be fabricated by additive manufacturing,” Computer-Aided Design, Vol.69, pp. 91–101, 2015.
  16. [16]  H. Makino, “Development of the SCARA,” Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 5–8, 2014.
  17. [17]  A. Shimada, “Servo System Design Considering Low-Stiffness of Robot,” Journal of Robotics and Mechatronic, Vol.8, No.3, pp. 252–258, 1996.
  18. [18]  H. Seki, Y. Kamiya, and M. Hikizu, “Planar Manipulator with Mechanically Adjustable Joint Compliance,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.6, No.1, pp. 46–52, 2012.
  19. [19]  A. Midha, T. W. Norton, and L. L. Howell, “On the Nomenclature, Classification, and Abstractions of Compliant Mechanisms,” ASME, J. of Mechanical Design., Vol.116, No.1, pp. 270–279, 1994.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Aug. 21, 2019