Trajectory Control of Pneumatic Servo Table with Air Bearing
Jun Li*, Kotaro Tadano*, Kenji Kawashima*,
Toshinori Fujita**, and Toshiharu Kagawa*
*Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8503, Japan
**Tokyo Denki University, 2-2 Kanda-nishiki-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8457, Japan
This paper proposes a trajectory control design for a pneumatic servo table system. The control design takes into consideration the dynamics of the pneumatic actuator, connected pipeline and servo valve. The system is mainly composed of a pneumatic actuator, high-performance pneumatic servo valves and pipelines. The pneumatic actuator utilizes a pneumatic cylinder with air bearing. The servo valve, which has high dynamics up to 300 Hz, is connected to the pneumatic actuator by pipelines. A linear model which takes into consideration the dynamics of the pipeline and servo valve is designed to simulate the system. Experiment results suggest that with 7th order control model the system can be accurately represented. However, a low-dimensional model is necessary for practical use. The analysis shows that in the pole loci of the 7th order model, two poles are much farther from the imaginary axis than are the other five poles. Therefore, the model can be reduced to one of the 5th order. By comparing the simulation and experiment results, we confirm that the 5th order model can also match the system well. Based on this result, a 5th order feed forward has been designed. When a curve which can be derived five times is inputted, the experiment results show that the maximum trajectory error has been reduced by 20 µm.
Toshinori Fujita, and Toshiharu Kagawa, “Trajectory Control of Pneumatic Servo Table with Air Bearing,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.5, No.6, pp. 800-808, 2011.
-  S. Liu and J. E. Bobrow, “An analysis of a pneumatic servo system and its application to a computer-controlled robot,” Trans. of the ASME J. of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Vol.110, pp. 228-235, 1988.
-  M. Chiang, C. Chen, and T. Tsou, “Large stroke and high precision pneumatic-piezoelectric hybrid positioning control using adaptive discrete variable structure control,” Mechatronics, Vol.15, pp. 523-545, 2005.
-  E. Richer and Y. Hurmuzlu, “A high performance pneumatic force actuator system; Part I-Nonlinear Mathematical Model,” Trans. of the ASME J. of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Vol.122, pp. 416-425, 2000.
-  I. L. Krivts, “Optimization of performance characteristics of electro pneumatic (two-stage) servo valve,” Trans. of the ASME: J. of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol.126, pp. 416-420, June 2004.
-  BW. Andersen, “The analysis and design of pneumatic systems,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1967.
-  W. Backe, “The application of servo pneumatic drives for flexible mechanical handling techniques,” Robotics, Vol.2, Issue 1, pp. 45-56, 1986.
-  J. Pu and RH. Weston, “A new generation of pneumatic servo for industrial robot,” Robotics, Vol.7, pp. 17-23, 1988.
-  J. Li, J. Choi, K. Kawashima, T. Fujita, and T. Kagawa, “Integrated control design of pneumatic servo table considering the dynamics of pipelines and servo valve,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.5, No.4, pp. 485-492, 2011.
-  K. Kawashima, T. Arai, K. Tadano, T. Fujita, and T. Kagawa, “Development of coarse/fine dual stage using pneumatically driven bellows actuator and cylinder with air bearings,” Precision Engineering, Vol.34, pp. 526-533, 2010.
-  T. Miyajima, T. Fujita, K. Kawashima, and T. Kagawa, “Development of a digital control system for High-performance Pneumatic Servo Valve,” Precision Engineering, Vol.31, p. 156, 2007.
-  Y. Izumi, T. Arai, K. Kawashima, and T. Kagawa, “Considering of tube influence in pneumatic servo table system,” Conf. Proc. of Fluid Power System Society,” 194, 2007 (in Japanese).
-  H. Hanafusa, “Design of electrohydraulic servo mechanism for articulated robot control,” Japan Hydraulics and Pneumatics Society, Vol.13, No.7, p. 429, 1982 (in Japanese).
-  F. G. Martins, “Tuning PID Controllers using the ITAE Criterion,” Int. J. of Engineering Education, Vol.21, No.5, pp. 867-873, 2005.