single-rb.php

JRM Vol.36 No.1 pp. 229-238
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2024.p0229
(2024)

Paper:

Development and Validation of an Instrument for Wave Height Measurement with Encoder Sensors and Accelerometer

Devit Suwardiyanto* ORCID Icon, Endi Sailul Haq* ORCID Icon, Mohamad Dimyati Ayatullah* ORCID Icon, and Bayu Rudiyanto** ORCID Icon

*Politeknik Negeri Banyuwangi
Jl. Raya Jember KM 13, Kabat, Banyuwangi, East Java 68461, Indonesia

**Politeknik Negeri Jember
Jl. Mastrip No.164, Jember, East Java 68121, Indonesia

Received:
July 6, 2023
Accepted:
October 23, 2023
Published:
February 20, 2024
Keywords:
ocean waves, wave height measurement, encoder, accelerometer, Hall-effect sensor
Abstract

Ocean waves play a significant role in coastal dynamics and the management of coastal development activities. However, there are limited instruments to measure the wave height, particularly in developing countries. This study introduces a novel instrument design for simple and cost-effective wave height measurement. The proposed instrument combines a Hall-effect sensor and an accelerometer to capture the rise and fall of a buoy in response to wave movements. The Hall-effect sensor as a rotary encoder detects the rotation of the buoy while the accelerometer measures the tilt of the instrument caused by ocean waves. The instrument is constructed using PVC pipes and incorporates long-range (LoRa) communication technology for real-time monitoring. Experimental tests were conducted at a study site in Banyuwangi Regency, Indonesia, where the performance of the instrument was compared with an ultrasonic sensor-based instrument. The results validate the effectiveness of the proposed instrument design for wave height measurement. The collected data were transmitted via the LoRa communication system, enabling convenient monitoring and analysis of sea-level changes. The valuable contribution of the instrument to the field stems from its precision in measuring the wave height, adaptability to diverse conditions, and potential applicability in shallow waters.

Instrument for wave height measurement

Instrument for wave height measurement

Cite this article as:
D. Suwardiyanto, E. Haq, M. Ayatullah, and B. Rudiyanto, “Development and Validation of an Instrument for Wave Height Measurement with Encoder Sensors and Accelerometer,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.36 No.1, pp. 229-238, 2024.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] L. H. Holthuijsen, “Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters,” Cambridge University Press, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511618536
  2. [2] C. R. Nichols and R. G. Williams, “Encyclopedia of Marine Science,” Viva-Facts On File, 2009.
  3. [3] E. S. Haq, D. Suwardiyanto, M. D. Ayatullah, E. M. Rini, H. Sutiksno, and E. Setyati, “The Coastal Early Warning System Based on Buoy Sensor Measurement,” 2019 2nd Int. Conf. of Computer and Informatics Engineering (IC2IE), pp. 39-43, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/IC2IE47452.2019.8940821
  4. [4] K.-H. Kim, B.-S. Shin, and K.-T. Shim, “Investigation of Coastal Environment Change Using Wave Measurement Sensors and Geographical Laser Scanner,” J. of Sensors, Vol.2019, Article No.e3754972, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/3754972
  5. [5] S. A. Subiyanto, M. L. Syamsudin, and I. Faizal, “Instrumentation System for Coastal Wave Parameter Monitoring Based on Telemetry Technology Using Accelerometer,” World Science News, Vol.148, pp. 72-89, 2020.
  6. [6] J. Wang, L. Aouf, X. Wang, B. Li, and J. Wang, “Remote Cross-Calibration of Wave Buoys Based on Significant Wave Height Observations of Altimeters in the Northern Hemisphere,” Remote Sens., Vol.12, Issue 20, pp. 1-12, 2020. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12203447
  7. [7] J. Beck, O. Wannick, and H. Bremerhaven, “Wave Measuring Buoy,” Forsch! – Studentisches Online-Journal der Univ Oldenbg, pp. 61-74, 2017.
  8. [8] K. Kobune, H. Sasaki, and N. Hashimoto, “Characteristics of Ocean Waves Off Cape Nojima in the Northwestern Pacific, Measured With a Discus Buoy,” Ministry of Transport, Nagase Yokosuka Japan, “Report of the Port and Harbour Ressearch Institute,” Vol.24, No.3, pp. 3-30, 1985.
  9. [9] N. K. Kumar, R. Savitha, and A. A. Mamun, “Ocean Wave Characteristics Prediction and Its Load Estimation on Marine Structures: A Transfer Learning Approach,” Marine Structures, Vol.61, pp. 202-219, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marstruc.2018.05.007
  10. [10] G. Joodaki, H. Nahavandchi, and K. Cheng, “Ocean Wave Measurement Using GPS Buoys,” J. Geodetic Science, Vol.3, Issue 3, pp. 163-172, 2013. https://doi.org/10.2478/jogs-2013-0023 https://doi.org/10.2478/jogs-2013-0023
  11. [11] K. Raghukumar, G. Chang, F. Spada, C. Jones, and T. Jannsen, “Directional Spectrum Measurements by the Spotter: A New Developed Wave Buoy,” Ocean Waves Work, Session 2, 2019.
  12. [12] A. V. Babanin, P. P. Verkeev, B. B. Krivinsky, and V. G. Proshchenko, “Measurement of Wind Waves by Means of a Buoy Accelerometer Wave Gauge,” Physical Oceanography, Vol.4, No.5 pp. 399-407, 1993. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02198503
  13. [13] D. Bajpai, U. Porov, G. Srivastav, and N. Sachan, “Two Way Wireless Data Communication and American Sign Language Translator Glove for Images Text and Speech Display on Mobile Phone,” 2015 5th Int. Conf. on Communication Systems and Network Technologies, pp. 578-585, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/CSNT.2015.121
  14. [14] Y. Y. Yurovsky and V. A. Dulov, “Compact Low-cost Arduino-based Buoy for Sea Surface Wave Measurements,” 2017 Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. - Fall (PIERS-FALL), pp. 2315-2322, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1109/PIERS-FALL.2017.8293523
  15. [15] K. H. Christensen, J. Röhrs, B. Ward, I. Fer, G. Broström, Ø. Saetra, and Ø. Breivik, “Surface Wave Measurements Using a Ship-Mounted Ultrasonic Altimeter,” Methods in Oceanography, Vol.6, pp. 1-15, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mio.2013.07.002
  16. [16] M. J. Allis, W. L. Peirson, and M. L. Banner, “Application of LiDAR As a Measurement Tool for Waves,” The 21st Int. Offshore and Polar Engineering Conf., pp. 373-379, 2011.
  17. [17] K. Martins, C. E. Blenkinsopp, and J. Zang, “Monitoring Individual Wave Characteristics in the Inner Surf With a 2-Dimensional Laser Scanner (LiDAR),” J. Sensors, Vol.2016, Article No.e7965431, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/7965431
  18. [18] T. P. Lyman, K. Elsmore, B. Gaylord, J. E. K. Byrnes, and L. P. Miller, “Open Wave Height Logger: An Open Source Pressure Sensor Data Logger for Wave Measurement,” Limnology and Oceanography Methods, Vol.18, Issue 7, pp. 335-345, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10370
  19. [19] I. Alifdini, A. Darari, and D. N. Sugianto, “Identification of Ocean Wave Measurement in Sungai Suci Beach by Using Drone and Ultrasonic Sensor,” J. of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol.13, Issue 21, pp. 8973-8980, 2018.
  20. [20] M. C. Marimon, G. Tangonan, N. J. Libatique, and K. Sugimoto, “Development and Evaluation of Wave Sensor Nodes for Ocean Wave Monitoring,” IEEE Systems J., Vol.9, Issue 1, pp. 292-302, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSYST.2013.2284102
  21. [21] S. Prajapati and R. Parab, “Design of Digital Tachometers Based on Different Sensing Techniques,” Int. J. of Computer Science Engineering., Vol.7, Issue 11, pp. 73-78, 2019. https://doi.org/10.26438/ijcse/v7i11.7378
  22. [22] K. Nakano, T. Takahashi, and S. Kawahito, “Angle Detection Methods for a CMOS Smart Rotary Encoder,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.17, No.4, pp. 469-474, 2005. https://doi.org/10.20965/jrm.2005.p0469
  23. [23] T. Masuda and M. Kajitani, “High Accuracy Calibration System for Angular Encoders,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.5, No.5, pp. 448-452, 1993. https://doi.org/10.20965/jrm.1993.p0448
  24. [24] İ. Yariçi and Y. Öztürk, “A New Approach to Linear Displacement Measurements Based on Hall Effect Sensors,” Turkish J.of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 238-248, 2023. https://doi.org/10.55730/1300-0632.3981
  25. [25] B. Zhou and C. Huang, “Magnetic Poles Position Detection of Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motor Using Four Linear Hall Effect Sensors,” Actuators, Vol.12, Issue 7, Article No.269, 2023. https://doi.org/10.3390/act12070269
  26. [26] H. Tanaka, A. Nakata, and H. Ide, “Study of Motion Monitoring Using an Accelerometer – Unrestrained Measurement –,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.11, No.2, pp. 148-152, 1999. https://doi.org/10.20965/jrm.1999.p0148
  27. [27] B. Meng, Y. Wang, W. Sun, and X. Yuan, “A Novel Diagnosis Method for a Hall Plates-Based Rotary Encoder with a Magnetic Concentrator,” Sensors, Vol.14, Issue 8, pp. 13980-13998, 2014. https://doi.org/10.3390/s140813980
  28. [28] H. Kimura, M. Nakamura, N. Inou, M. Matsudaira, and M. Yoshida, “Identification Method of Sensor Directions and Sensitivities in Multi-Axis Accelerometer (Actual Measurement of Direction Tensor and Sensitivity Tensor),” Trans. of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Vol.78, Issue 786, pp. 499-507, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1299/kikaic.78.499
  29. [29] A. Rocchi, E. Santecchia, F. Ciciulla, P. Mengucci, and G. Barucca, “Characterization and Optimization of Level Measurement by an Ultrasonic Sensor System,” IEEE Sensors J., Vol.19, Issue 8, pp. 3077-3084, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2018.2890568
  30. [30] M. I. Bello, S. M. Gana, M. I. Faruk, and M. J. Umar, “Autonomous Ultrasonic Based Water Level Detection and Control System,” Nigerian J. of Technology, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 508-513, 2018. https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.v37i2.29
  31. [31] H. Hanan, A. A. N. Gunawan, and M. Sumadiyasa, “Water Level Detection System Based on Ultrasonic Sensors HC-SR04 and Esp8266-12 Modules with Telegram and Buzzer Communication Media,” Instrumentation Mesure Métrologie, Vol.18, Issue 3, pp. 305-309, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18280/i2m.180311
  32. [32] M. Cattani, C. A. Boano, and K. Römer, “An Experimental Evaluation of the Reliability of Lora Long-Range Low-Power Wireless Communication,” J. of Sensor and Actuator Networks, Vol.6, Issue 2, 2017. https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan6020007
  33. [33] P. A. Brodtkorb, P. Johannesson, G. Lindgren, I. Rychlik, J. Ryden, and E. Sjo, “WAFO – A Matlab Toolbox for Analysis of Random Waves and Loads,” The 10th Int. Offshore and Polar Engineering Conf. 2000, pp. 343-350, 2000.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Apr. 05, 2024