JRM Vol.35 No.2 pp. 271-278
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2023.p0271


Optimization of Drone-Based Surface-Wave Seismic Surveys Using a Multiple Traveling Salesman Problem

Yohei Hamasato*, Akinori Sakaguchi** ORCID Icon, Takeshi Tsuji*** ORCID Icon, and Kaoru Yamamoto* ORCID Icon

*Graduate School and Faculty of Information Science and Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University
744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

**Research Institute of Advanced Electric Propulsion Aircrafts, Kyushu University
744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

***Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

October 30, 2022
December 27, 2022
April 20, 2023
multi-drone routing, drone applications in seismic survey, multiple traveling salesman problem, fuzzy c-means clustering
Automated seismic survey using drones

Automated seismic survey using drones

In this study, we investigate the problem of finding energy-efficient routes for multiple drones conducting a surface-wave seismic survey. The survey utilizes one seismic source and multiple measurement points spread over a designated area. Each drone carries a seismometer, and is tasked with visiting pre-specified points to take measurements of seismic signals by resting idle on the ground for a set time. Due to this mandatory idling time, their energy consumption is not proportional to the flight distance, nor it is possible to apply standard path minimization algorithms. To address this issue, we establish an energy consumption model for each drone and propose algorithms to optimally allocate points to each drone and generate routes that minimize total energy consumption. The validity of these algorithms is discussed using numerical simulations.

Cite this article as:
Y. Hamasato, A. Sakaguchi, T. Tsuji, and K. Yamamoto, “Optimization of Drone-Based Surface-Wave Seismic Surveys Using a Multiple Traveling Salesman Problem,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.35 No.2, pp. 271-278, 2023.
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Last updated on Jun. 05, 2023