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JRM Vol.33 No.5 pp. 1169-1177
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2021.p1169
(2021)

Paper:

Active Steering Wheel System for Ultra-Compact Mobility Vehicles: Operability Evaluation with Steering Burden in Various Drivers

Daigo Uchino*1, Takamasa Hirai*2, Shugo Arai*2, Keigo Ikeda*1, Taro Kato*1, Xiaojun Liu*3, Ayato Endo*4, Hideaki Kato*5, and Takayoshi Narita*5

*1Course of Science and Technology, Tokai University
4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292, Japan

*2Course of Mechanical Engineering, Tokai University
4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292, Japan

*3AI Control Lab., Technology Research Center, Technology and Intellectual Property H.Q., Omron Corporation
9-1 Kizugawadai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 600-8530, Japan

*4Department of Electrical Engineering, Fukuoka Institute of Technology
3-30-1 Wajiro-higashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Fukuoka 811-0295, Japan

*5Department of Prime Mover Engineering, Tokai University
4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292, Japan

Received:
March 4, 2021
Accepted:
June 16, 2021
Published:
October 20, 2021
Keywords:
active steering wheel system, ultra-compact mobility vehicles, muscle burden of steering operation, surface electromyogram (EMG), inverse kinematics
Abstract
Active Steering Wheel System for Ultra-Compact Mobility Vehicles: Operability Evaluation with Steering Burden in Various Drivers

Active steering wheel system for ultra-compact EVs

In ultra-compact electric vehicles, the satisfactory installation of an assist mechanism for steering operation is difficult. To address this problem, in this paper, we propose an active steering wheel system in which the steering wheel and tires are electrically connected, without a mechanical connection. Furthermore, in ultra-compact mobility vehicles where the driving position is restricted, steering burden is likely to occur depending on the physique of the driver. However, whether the effects of the steering reaction torque and the amount of steering increase the burden on the driver in such vehicles has not yet been clarified. Therefore, in this study, we developed an upper limb burden model using inverse kinematics and muscle activity to investigate the burden of steering on the driver by considering the driver physique.

Cite this article as:
Daigo Uchino, Takamasa Hirai, Shugo Arai, Keigo Ikeda, Taro Kato, Xiaojun Liu, Ayato Endo, Hideaki Kato, and Takayoshi Narita, “Active Steering Wheel System for Ultra-Compact Mobility Vehicles: Operability Evaluation with Steering Burden in Various Drivers,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.33, No.5, pp. 1169-1177, 2021.
Data files:
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Last updated on Nov. 30, 2021