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JRM Vol.33 No.1 pp. 69-77
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2021.p0069
(2021)

Paper:

Study on Automatic Operation of Manual Wheelchair Prototype and Basic Experiments

Kazuteru Tobita, Yoshihito Shikanai, and Kazuhiro Mima

Shizuoka Institute of Science and Technology
2200-2 Toyosawa, Fukuroi-shi, Shizuoka 437-8555, Japan

Received:
May 13, 2020
Accepted:
September 7, 2020
Published:
February 20, 2021
Keywords:
wheelchair, nursing home, automatic traveling
Abstract
Study on Automatic Operation of Manual Wheelchair Prototype and Basic Experiments

Overview of the prototype

In nursing homes, repeatedly guiding several carereceivers in wheelchairs before and after meals is one of the factors that increase the burden on caregivers. A solution to this problem is to incorporate autonomous mobility functions into the wheelchair. Although many autonomous electric wheelchairs have been developed in the past, it is not reasonable to introduce them to all users of nursing homes from the standpoint of cost, charging, and maintenance. In this study, we are developing a detachable robot that can operate a manual wheelchair autonomously. The basic concept, target specifications, and design conditions are defined herein, and the results of basic experiments such as straight-line stability tests, obstacle sensor measurement tests, and self-position estimation are reported. The implementation of autonomous driving functions such as path generation and localization will be promoted in the future.

Cite this article as:
Kazuteru Tobita, Yoshihito Shikanai, and Kazuhiro Mima, “Study on Automatic Operation of Manual Wheelchair Prototype and Basic Experiments,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.33, No.1, pp. 69-77, 2021.
Data files:
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Last updated on Mar. 05, 2021