Development of Autonomous Navigation System Using 3D Map with Geometric and Semantic Information
Yoshihiro Aotani, Takashi Ienaga, Noriaki Machinaka, Yudai Sadakuni, Ryota Yamazaki, Yuki Hosoda, Ryota Sawahashi, and Yoji Kuroda
1-1-1 Higashimita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8571, Japan
This paper presents an autonomous navigation system. Our system is based on an accurate 3D map, which includes “geometric information” (e.g., curb, wall, street tree) and “semantic information” (e.g., sidewalk, roadway, crosswalk) extracted by environmental recognition. By using the semantic map, we can obtain the suitable area to keep away from undesired places. Furthermore, by comparing the map with real-time 3D geometric information from LIDAR, we obtain the robot position. To show the effectiveness of our system, we conduct a 3D semantic map construction experiment and driving test. The experiment results show that the proposed system enables accurate and highly reproducible localization and stable autonomous mobility.
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