JRM Vol.29 No.2 pp. 317-326
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2017.p0317


Development and Evaluation of a Low Cost Cuffless Systolic Blood Pressure Device

Jörg Güttler, Muhammad Karim, Christos Georgoulas, and Thomas Bock

Chair of Building Realization and Robotics, Technische Universität München
Arcisstraße 21, 80333 München, Germany

September 19, 2016
January 17, 2017
April 20, 2017
capacitive electrodes, pulse transit time, systolic blood pressure, smart furniture, active assisted living
In this paper, the authors describe the cuffless blood pressure meter prototype, which is targeting at potential long-term automated blood pressure screening. By the proposed cuffless approach, mental stress is reduced, which increases the reliability of measurement. By using a wireless communication medium to transmit data, care staff can store and access readings more easily. The proposed system was developed using low-cost off-the-shelf parts such as Arduino/Wattuino Uno boards and single-board computers. This enables thereby an unobtrusive implementation of such a compact system into furniture, for example. Its intuitive measurement enables care staff to devote more attention to the patient and less to the blood pressure measurement. The proposed system is described in its hard- and software functionality. Furthermore, experimental results confirm the proposed system’s reliability.
A cuffless blood pressure device implemented in a chair

A cuffless blood pressure device implemented in a chair

Cite this article as:
J. Güttler, M. Karim, C. Georgoulas, and T. Bock, “Development and Evaluation of a Low Cost Cuffless Systolic Blood Pressure Device,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.29 No.2, pp. 317-326, 2017.
Data files:
  1. [1] D. J. Schofield, and J. R. Beard, “Baby boomer doctors and nurses: demographic change and transitions to retirement,” Medical J. of Australia, Vol.183, No.2, pp. 80-83, 2005.
  2. [2] J. K. Ninomiya, G. L’Italien, M. H. Criqui, J. L. Whyte, A. Gamst, and R. S. Chen, “Association of the Metabolic Syndrome With History of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Circulation, Vol.109, No.1, pp. 42-46, 2004.
  3. [3] P. Ernest, M. McCutcheon, F. Robert, and M. Rushmer, “Korotkoff Sounds An Experimental Critique,” Circulation Research, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 149-161, 1967.
  4. [4] U. Tholl, K. Frostner, and M. Anlauf, “Measuring blood pressure: pitfalls and recommendations,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, Vol.19, No.4, pp. 766-770, 2004.
  5. [5] E. O’Brin, R. Asmar, L. Beilin, Y. Imai, J. Mallion, G. Mancia, T. Mengden, M. Myers, P. Paul, P. Palatini, G. Parati, T. Pickering, J. Redon, J. Staessen, G. Stergiou, and P. Verdecchia, “European Society of Hypertension recommendations for conventional, ambulatory and home blood pressure measurement,” J. of hypertension, Vol.21, No.5, pp. 821-848, 2003.
  6. [6] S. Leonhardt and A. Aleksandrowicz, “Non-Contact ECG Monitoring for Automotive Application,” Procs. of the 5th Inernational Workshop on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks, Hong Kong, 2008.
  7. [7] R. P. Smith, J. Argod, J.-L. Pépin, and P. A. Lévy, “Pulse transit time: an appraisal of potential clinical applications,” Thorax, Vol.54, No.5, pp. 452-457, 1999.
  8. [8] L. A. Geddes, M. H. Voelz, C. F. Babbs, J. D. Bourland, and W. A. Tacker, “Pulse transit time as an indicator of arterial blood pressure,” Psychophysiology, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 71-74, 1981.
  9. [9] P. Obrist, K. C. Light, J. A. McCubbin, J. Hutcheson, and J. L. Hoffer, “Pulse transit time: Relationship to blood pressure and myocardial performance,” Psychophysiology, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 292-301, 1979.
  10. [10] G. V. Marie, C. R. Lo, J. Van Jones, and D. W. Johnston, “The relationship between arterial blood pressure and pulse transit time during dynamic and static exercise,” Psychophysiology, Vol.21, No.5, pp. 521-527, 1984.
  11. [11] N. Yahagi and I. Yamada, “Relation Between Blood Pressure Estimated by Pulse Wave Velocity and Directly Measured Arterial Pressure,” J. of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol.24, No.5, pp. 811-819, 2012.
  12. [12] J. Proença, J. Muehlsteff, X. Aubert, and P. Carvalho, “Is Pulse Transit Time a good indicator of Blood Pressure changes during short physical exercise in a young population?,” 32nd Annual Int. Conf. of the IEEE EMBS, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2010.
  13. [13] H. Gesche, D. Grosskurth, G. Küchler, and A. Patzak, “Continuous blood pressure measurement by using the pulse transit time: comparison to a cuff-based method,” European J. of Applied Physiology, Vol.112, No.1, pp. 309-315, 2012.
  14. [14] J. Güttler, C. Georgoulas, T. Linner, and T. Bock, Evaluation of low cost capacitive ECG prototypes: A hardware/software approach, 17th Int. Conf. on Research and Education in Mechatronics (REM), 2016 11th France-Japan & 9th Europe-Asia Congress on Mechatronics (MECATRONICS), 2016.
  15. [15] H. Kemis, N. Bruce, W. Ping, T. Antonio, L. B. Gook, and H. J. Lee, “Healthcare Monitoring Application in Ubiquitous Sensor Network: Design and Implementation based on Pulse Sensor with Arduino,” 2012 6th Int. Conf. on New Trends in Information Science and Service Science and Data Mining (ISSDM), 2012.
  16. [16] Plessey semiconductors, “PS25203B EPIC Ultra High Impedance ECG Sensor Advance Information,” Data Sheet 291499 issue 3.
  17. [17] Plessey semiconductors, “PS25201B EPIC Ultra High Impedance ECG Sensor Advance Information.”
  18. [18] G. Coley, “BeagleBone Black System Reference Manual-Revision C.1,” 2014.
  19. [19] R. Betts and B. H. Brown, “Method for recording electrocardiograms with dry electrodes applied to unprepared skin,” Medical and biological engineering, Vol.14, No.3, pp. 313-315, 1976.
  20. [20] A. Aleksandrowicz, M. Walter, and S. Leonhard, “Ein kabelfreies, kapazitiv gekoppeltes EKG-Messsystem / Wireless ECG measurement system with capacitive coupling,” Biomedizinische Technik, Vol.52, No.2, pp. 185-192, 2007.
  21. [21] LOGIC supply, “XBEE CAPE MANUAL – BeagleBone Black XBee Prototyping Cape,” Revision 1.0, 2014.
  22. [22] S. Jain, A. Vaibhav, and L. Goyal, “Raspberry Pi based interactive home automation system through E-mail,” Int. Conf. on Optimization, Reliabilty, and Information Technology (ICROIT), 2014.
  23. [23] D. D. Bacquer, G. D. Backer, M. Kornitzer, and H. Blackburn, “Prognostic value of ECG findings for total, cardiovascular disease, and coronary heart disease death in men and women,” Heart, Vol.80, No.6, pp. 570-577, 1998.
  24. [24] J. Güttler, C. Georgoulas, and T. Bock, “Contactless Fever Measurement based on Thermal Imagery Analysis,” Sensors Applications Symposium (SAS), Catania, Italy, 2016.
  25. [25] Biocomfort Diagnostics GmbH, “tenso-comfort Blutdruckmessgerät BPM 105/BPM 205 Gebrauchsanweisung,” REF: 590007, 2006.
  26. [26] M. Middeke, “Arterielle Hypertonie Empfohlen von der Deutschen Hochdruckliga/Deutsche Hypertonie Gesellschaft,” Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag KG, 2005.
  27. [27] P. Fung, G. Dumont, C. Ries, C. Mott and M. Ansermino, “Continuous Noninvasive Blood Pressure Measurement by Pulse Transit Time,” Procs. of the 26th Annual Int. Conf. of the IEEE EMBS, San Francisco, USA, 2004.
  28. [28] C. Poon and Y. Zhang, “Cuff-less and Noninvasive Measurements of Arterial Blood Pressure by Pulse Transit Time,” Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27th Annual Conf., Shanghai, China, 2005.
  29. [29] T. Bock, J. Güttler, C. Georgoulas, and T. Linner, “The Development of Intra-House Mobility, Logistics and Transfer Solutions in PASSAge,” J. of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol.27, No.1, p. 108, 2015.
  30. [30] K. Toda, M. Fujioka, A. Fujii, S. Okawa, J. Shinohara, S. Tanaka, T. Nakamura, and T. Furuta, “A Home Healthcare System with Communication Robot Technologies – Development of Experimental Systems and in-Home Verification Experiments by Older Persons,” J. of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol.23, No.6, pp. 951-968, 2011.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on May. 10, 2024