JRM Vol.28 No.1 pp. 79-85
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2016.p0079


Seating System with Adjustable Sheet and Body Surface Measurement

Takehito Kikuchi and Isao Abe

Faculty of Engineering, Oita University
700 Dannoharu, Oita 870-1192, Japan

March 21, 2015
January 8, 2016
February 20, 2016
seating, wheelchair, adjustable sheet, pressure averaging, posture adjustment
The seat is an important interface between many types of machines and their users, able-bodied and disabled users alike. In this work, new seating system with adjustable sheets and body surface measurement is developed to improve the sitting postures and pressure distributions for patients with deformed backbones. A basic structure and adjustment method for the adjustable sheet is proposed. In addition, a way of using a Microsoft Kinect sensor to measure lengths is also developed and utilized to adjust the seating system. Evaluation tests are conducted on a healthy subject with different mock spinal deformations, and pressure distributions and postures of the subject are evaluated. The proposed method successfully averages pressure on the model and also adjusts his posture, simultaneously reducing pressure and increasing the contact area of the back.
Wheel chair with adjustable sheets

Wheel chair with adjustable sheets

Cite this article as:
T. Kikuchi and I. Abe, “Seating System with Adjustable Sheet and Body Surface Measurement,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.28 No.1, pp. 79-85, 2016.
Data files:
  1. [1] S. Hiemstra-van Mastrigt, I. Kamp et al., “The influence of active seating on car passengers’ perceived comfort and activity levels,” Applied Ergonomics, Vol.47, pp. 211-219, 2015.
  2. [2] C. Bil, A. Shrimpton, and G. Clark, “Safety of Lap-Held Infants in Aircraft,” Procedia Engineering, Vol.99, pp. 1311-1316, 2015.
  3. [3] S. Naqvi, T. Stobbe, and M. Jaraiedi, “Prediction of elderly seating comfort from physical condition, chair type and gender,” Int. J. of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol.13, No.4, pp. 289-296, 1994.
  4. [4] J. Hollingtona, S. Hillmana et al., “ISO 16840-2:2007 load deflection and hysteresis measurements for a sample of wheelchair seating cushions,” Medical Engineering & Physics, Vol.36, No.4, pp. 509-515, 2013.
  5. [5] L. Stockton and S. Rithalia, “Pressure-reducing cushions: Perceptions of comfort from the wheelchair users’ perspective using interface pressure, temperature and humidity measurements,” J. of Tissue Viability, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 28-35, 2009.
  6. [6] J. B. Williamson, “Management of the Spin in Cerebral Palsy,” Current Orthopaedics, Vol.17, No.2, pp. 117-123, 2003.
  7. [7] S. Goddard, “The Role of Primitive Survival Reflex in the Development of the Visual System,” J. of Behavioral Optometry, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 31-35, 1995.
  8. [8] K. J. Holmes, S. M. Michael et al., “Management of scoliosis with special seating for the non-ambulant spastic cerebral palsy population a biomechanical study,” Clinical Biomechanics, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 480-487, 2003.
  9. [9] I. A. Trail et al., “The Matrix Seating System,” J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, Vol.72-B, No.4, pp. 666-669, 1990.
  10. [10] K. Anzai, T. Kikuchi, and T. Shibuya, “Development of intelligent seating system for cerebral palsy,” Proc. of SICE Annual Conf., pp. 1652-1655. 2012.
  11. [11] T. Kikuchi and K. Anzai, “Adjustable sheet for intelligent seating system,” Proc. of the IEEE/RAS-EMBS Int. Conf. on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, pp. 780-785, 2014.
  12. [12] M. Zeng, L. Cao et al., “Estimation of human body shape and cloth field in front of a kinect,” Neurocomputing, Vol.151, No.2, pp. 626-631, 2015.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2024