JRM Vol.25 No.3 pp. 521-528
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2013.p0521


An Approach to Rescue Robot Workshops for Kindergarten and Primary School Children

Kazuo Kawada*, Masayasu Nagamatsu*, and Toru Yamamoto**

*Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University, 1-1-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8524, Japan

**Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, 1-4-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8527, Japan

October 19, 2012
April 21, 2013
June 20, 2013
workshop, technology education, rescue robot, kindergarten children, primary school children

This paper describes a framework for “Robo-iku” (education facilitated by robots) at the kindergarten and primary school levels. We believe the concept of “Robo-iku” can help to give a unified approach to the problem of the avoidance of science and technology learning. It can also provide young children with opportunities to develop various skills, such as cooperative skills and/or skills to help them relate well to others. We detail the practical experience of a “monotsukuri” workshop for primary school children, a workshop on designing and building rescue robots. A working definition of “Robo-iku” is provided. The results of the workshop imply that the concept of Robo-iku needs to be further investigated.

Cite this article as:
K. Kawada, M. Nagamatsu, and T. Yamamoto, “An Approach to Rescue Robot Workshops for Kindergarten and Primary School Children,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.25, No.3, pp. 521-528, 2013.
Data files:
  1. [1] E. Nagasaki, Y. Abe, M. Saito, and S. Suguro, “Trends in Studies on Scientific, Mathematical & Technological Literacy in Japan – Focused on Fields of Education?,” NIER Research Bulletin, Vol.136, pp. 189-20, 2007 (in Japanese).
  2. [2] S. Tsukamoto, K. Ohashi, S. Washio, and T. Torii, “Design Project to Build up Jumping Machine and Its Educational Effects,” J. of JSEE, Vol.50 No.6, pp. 51-56, 2002 (in Japanese).
  3. [3] K. Watanabe, H. Takenaka, and R. Omote, “The First Year Education by Laboratories for Making a Soccer Robot,” IEICE Technical Report, ET2006-27, pp. 11-16, 2006 (in Japanese).
  4. [4] H. M. Wellman and S. A. Gelman, “Cognitive development: Foundational theories of core domains,” Annual Review of Psychology, Vol.43, pp. 337-375, 1992.
  5. [5] B. I. Bertenthal, “Origins and early development of perception, action, and representation,” Annual Review of Psychology, Vol.47, pp. 431-459, 1996.
  6. [6] A. Matan and S. Carey, “Developmental changes within the core of artifact concepts,” Cognition, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1-26, 2001.
  7. [7] A. N. Meltzoff et al., “Foundations for a New Science of Learning,” Science, Vol.325, pp. 284-288, 2009.
  8. [8] OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), “Understanding the Brain: The Birth of a Learning Science,” OECD Publishing, 2007.
  9. [9] T. Minoshima, T. Kiminoka, M. Nagamatsu, K. Kawada, N. Yoshida, and T. Yamamoto, “Towards the implementation of social development in early school education by using robotics,” The Annals of Education Research, Hiroshima University, No.40, 2012 (in Japanese).
  10. [10] T. Yamashiro, K. Kawada, M. Nagamatsu, and T. Yamamoto, “A Practice of ‘Monozukuri’ Education Featuring “Rescue Robots Production” in an Elementary School,” Trans. on JSME, Vol.77, No.776, pp. 1465-1476, 2011 (in Japanese).
  11. [11] T. Yamamoto, T. Ichikawa, and S. Fujisawa, “A Consideration on Rescue from Viewpoint of Technology Education,” J. of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol.15, No.5, 2003.
  12. [12] A. Eguchi, “Educational Robotics for Elementary School Classroom,” Proc. of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education Int. Conf. 2007, pp. 2542-2549, 2007.
  13. [13] A. Yorita and N. Kubota, “Robot Assisted Instruction in Elementary School Based on Robot Theater,” J. of Robotics and Mechatronics, Vol.23, No.5, 2011.
  14. [14] N. Rusk, M. Resnick, R. Berg, and M. Pezalla-Granlund, “New Pathways into Robotics: Strategies for Broadening Participation,” J. of Science Education and Technology, Vol.17, pp. 59-69, 2008.
  15. [15] M. Bers, “When robots tell a story about culture...and children tell a story about learning,” In N.Yelland, Contemporary Perspectives on Early Childhood Education, Open University Press, pp. 227-247, 2010.
  16. [16] M. Bers, R. New, and L. Boudreau, “Teaching and Learning when No One Is Expert: Children and Parents Explore Technology,” Early Childhood Research and Practice, Vol.6, No.2, 2006.
  17. [17] B. Gustafson and P. Rowell, “Elementary Children’s Technological Problem Solving: selecting an initial course of action,” Research in Science & Technological Education, Vol.16, No.2, pp. 151-163, 1998.
  18. [18] J. Bransford, R. Sherwood, N. Vye, and J. Rieser, “Teaching Thinking and Problem Solving – Research Foundations,” American Psychologist, Vol.41, No.10, pp. 1078-1089, 1986.
  19. [19] P. Sadler, H. Coyle, and M. Schwartz, “Engineering competitions in the middle school classroom: Key elements in developing effective design challenges,” J. of The Learning Sciences, Vol.9, No.3, pp. 299-327, 2000.
  20. [20] S. Brophy, S. Klein, M. Portmore, and C. Rogers, “Advancing Engineering Education in P-12 Classrooms,” J. of Engineering Education, Vol.97, No.3, pp. 369-387, 2008.
  21. [21] B. J. Gustafson, P. M. Rowell, and D. P. Rose, “Children’s ideas about strengthening structures,” Research in Science & Technological Education, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 111-123, 2001.
  22. [22] M. Bers and C. Urea, “Technological prayers: parents and children exploring robotics and values,” In A. Druin and J. Hendler (Eds.), Robots for kids: Exploring new technologies for learning experiences, San Francisco: Morgan Kaufman/Academic Press, 2000.
  23. [23] J. Shotwell, D. Wolf, and H. Gardner, “Exploring early symbolization: Styles of achievement,” In B. Sutton-Smith (Ed.), Play and Learning, New York: Gardner Press, pp. 127-156, 1979.

  24. Supporting Online Materials:
  25. [a] Robotics Society of Japan
    [accessed October 1, 2012]

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Feb. 21, 2020