Range Estimation Technique Using Received Signal Strength Indication on Low Frequency Waves
Kenichi Ohara*, Yuji Abe*, Tomohito Takubo*,
Yasushi Mae*, Tamio Tanikawa**, and Tatsuo Arai*
*Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan
**National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan
Recently, with the downsizing of computers and the development of wireless communication advances, sensor networks are being widely studied. However, it is necessary to know the location of each node, in order to apply sensor data. Many researchers have tried to find a good approach to position estimation in indoor environment. In our study, we focus on position estimation by using Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI). It has the advantage of implementation with limited resources in the sensor network. However, since RSSI value is affected by multipath and obstacles, position estimation may yield considerable errors. In our research, we propose a range estimation technique with RSSI on Low Frequency (LF) waves. Since RSSI value on LF waves is less affected by multipath and obstacles compared with RSSI on Ultra High Frequency (UHF) waves used for a communication, position estimation with high accuracy can be calculated using this method. We show an RSSI measurement sensor which measures the RSSI on LF waves and a transmitter which sends radio waves on the 125 kHz band. Results of experiments using our developed modules and a ZigBee module demonstrated the robustness of RSSI on LF waves against multipath and obstacles compared with UHF waves. In this paper, a range estimation experiment was performed by applying the proposed modules and range estimation accuracy was evaluated through experiments.
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