Observation of Human Activities Based on Spatial Memory in Intelligent Space
Mihoko Niitsuma* and Hideki Hashimoto**
*Department of Precision Mechanics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University
1-13-27 Kasuga, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan
**Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo
4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
Intelligent Space (iSpace) we propose as an intelligent environment provides information and physical services to users via intelligent agents such as mobile robots, computer devices, and digital equipment. A suitable human interface is needed to enable users to operate agents in iSpace. For this, we previously proposed spatial memory. Here, we have improved system functions to make it more widely applicable. Specifically, we present four spatial memory problems and discuss solutions, focusing on user authentication, for which we propose a new procedure using spatial memory. By introducing the spatial human interface in iSpace, we also observe human activity in the environment via the history of human interface use involving several experiments.
-  B. Brumitt, B. Meyers, J. Krumm, A. Kern, and S. Shafer, “EasyLiving: Technologies for Intelligent Environments,” Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing, pp. 12-27, 2000.
-  B. Johanson, A. Fox, and T. Winograd, “The Interactive Workspaces Project: Experiences with Ubiquitous Computing Rooms,” IEEE Pervasive Computing Magazine, Vol.1, No.2, April-June, 2002.
-  C.y D. Kidd, R. Orr, G. D. Abowd, C. G. Atkeson, I. A. Essa, B. MacIntyre, E. Mynatt, T.d E. Starner, and W. Newstetter, “The Aware Home: A living laboratory for ubiquitous computing research,” Proc. of the Second Int. Workshop on Cooperative Buildings, 1999.
-  L. Scanlo, “Rethinking the Computer — Project Oxygen is turning out prototype computer systems,” Technology Review, 2004.
-  S. S. Intille, “Designing a House of the Future,” IEEE Pervasive Computing, April-June, pp. 80-86, 2002.
-  Y. Nakauchi, T. Fukuda, K. Noguchi, and T. Matsubara, “Intelligent Kitchen: Cooking Support by LCD and Mobile Robot with IC-Labeled Objects,” Proc. of the 2005 IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robotics and Systems, pp. 2464-2469, 2005.
-  Y. Nishida, M. Hiramoto, F. Kusunoki, and H. Mizoguchi, “Learning by Doing: Space-Associate Language Learning Using a Sensorized Environment,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 1583-1588, 2005.
-  J.-H. Lee and H. Hashimoto, “Intelligent Space — concept and contents,” Advanced Robotics, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 265-280, 2002.
-  D. Brscic, T. Sasaki, and H. Hashimoto, “Implementation of Mobile Robot Control in Intelligent Space,” Proc. of SICE-ICASE Int. Joint Conf. 2006, pp. 1228-1233, 2006.
-  Y. Toshima, N. Ando, and H. Hashimoto, “Information Display System using Active Projector in Intelligent Space —Integration of distributed devices based on RT-Middleware,” The 12th Int. Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics, pp. 183-186, 2007.
-  M. Niitsuma, Hiroshi Hashimoto, and Hideki Hashimoto, “Spatial Memory as an Aid System for Human Activity in Intelligent Space,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Vol.54, No.2, pp. 1122-1131, 2007.
-  ZPS (Zone Positioning System)—3D, Furukawa Industrial Machinery Systems CO.,LTD,
-  M. Niitsuma and H. Hashimoto, “Extraction of Space-Human Activity Association for Design of Intelligent Environment,” in Proc. of the 2007 IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, pp. 1814-1819, 2007.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright© 2009 by Fuji Technology Press Ltd. and Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. All right reserved.