An Object Detection Method Based on Independent Local Features
Ryouta Nakano, Kazuhiro Hotta, and Haruhisa Takahashi
The University of Electro-Communications, 1-5-1 Chofugaoka, Chofu-shi, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan
This paper presents an object detection method using independent local feature extractor. Since objects are composed of a combination of characteristic parts, a good object detector could be developed if local parts specialized for a detection target are derived automatically from training samples. To do this, we use Independent Component Analysis (ICA) which decomposes a signal into independent elementary signals. We then used the basis vectors derived by ICA as independent local feature extractors specialized for a detection target. These feature extractors are applied to a candidate area, and their outputs are used in classification. However, the number of dimension of extracted independent local features is very high. To reduce the extracted independent local features efficiently, we use Higher-order Local AutoCorrelation (HLAC) features to extract the information that relates neighboring features. This may be more effective for object detection than simple independent local features. To classify detection targets and non-targets, we use a Support Vector Machine (SVM). The proposed method is applied to a car detection problem. Superior performance is obtained by comparison with Principal Component Analysis (PCA).
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