Transparent Tactile Switch for Touch Screen Interface
Fumihito Arai*, Naoya Iwata**, and Toshio Fukuda**
*Dept. of Bioengineering and Robotics, Tohoku University, 6-6-01 Aramaki-Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
**Dept. of Micro-Nano Systems Engineering, Nagoya University, 1 Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
We designed and fabricated a transparent switch using silicone elastomer to create a tactile “click” on a generic touch screen. We ensured good visibility by introducing a solvent having the same reflective index as silicone in the gap between the cover and display. The “click,” produced by buckling, was evaluated quantitatively by measuring its keystroke and reaction on the key top. To enhance the click, we used a hard transparent plate on the silicone. We implemented the switch on a life supporting robot as a human-machine interface.
-  M. Weiser, “Some Computer Science Issues in Ubiquitous Computing,” Association for Computing Machinery Communications of the ACM, Vol.36, Issue 7, pp. 74-83, 1993.
-  A. M. Dearden, and M. D. Harrison, “Impact and the design of the human-machine interface,” IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 19-25, 1997.
-  M. Yamaoka, K. Yamasaki, and H. Tanaka, “Extracting Relational Constraints among Objects with Haptic Vision in Support of Automatic Construction,” Electronics and Communication in Japan, Part3, Vol.86, No.11, 2003.
-  J. Dionisio, V. Henrich, U. Jakob, A. Rettig, and R. Ziegler, “The Virtual Touch: Haptic Interfaces in Virtual Environments,” Comput. & Graphics, Vol.21, No.4, pp. 459-468, 1997.
-  T. Yoshikawa, and A. Nagura, “A Touch/Force Display System for Haptic Interface,” Presence-Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, Vol.10, Issue 2, pp. 225-235, 2001.
-  M. Kawai, and T. Yoshikawa, “Haptic Display With an Interface Device Capable of Continuous-Time Impedance Display Within a Sampling Period,” IEEE ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 58-64, 2004.
-  N. Ando, and P. Korondi, “Development of Micro-manipulator and Haptic Interface for Networked Micromanipulation,” IEEE ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 417-427, 2001.
-  M. O. Ernst, M. S. Banks, and H. H. Bulthoff, “Touch can change visual slant perception,” Nature Neuroscience, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 69-73, 2000.
-  M. Shimojo, M. Shinohara, and Y. Fukui, “Human Shape Recognition Performance for 3-D Tactile Display,” IEEE Transaction on Systems, Man, And Cybernetics-Part A: Systems and Humans, Vol.29, No.6, 1999.
-  SMK Corporation, “Force Feedback Touch Panels,”
-  M.-J. Jung, F. Arai, T. Fukuda, J. Yang, and Y. Suematsu, “Development of CRF 3 System for Human-Robot Mutual Communication,” Proceedings of Robotics Society of Japan, 2002, 2C18 (CDROM), 2002.
-  F. Arai, D. Tachibana, M. J. Jung, T. Fukuda, and Y. Hasegawa, “Development of Character Robots for Human-Robot Mutual Communication,” 2003 IEEE International Workshop of Robot and Human Interactive Communication (ROMAN2003), CD-ROM, 2003.
-  T. Fukuda, M. J. Jung, M. Nakashima, F. Arai, and Y. Hasegawa, “Facial Expressive Robotic Head System for Human-Robot Communication and Its Application in Home Environment,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol.92, No.11, November, 2004.
-  JSME Mechanical Engineer’s Handbook, B1: Machine Elements and Tribology, p. 151, 1985 (in Japanese).
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright© 2006 by Fuji Technology Press Ltd. and Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. All right reserved.