Autonomous Flight Control of Unmanned Small Hobby-Class Helicopter Report 2: Modeling Based on Experimental Identification and Autonomous Flight Control Experiments
Kensaku Hazawa*, Jinok Shin*, Daigo Fujiwara*, Kazuhiro Igarashi*, Dilshan Fernando*, and Kenzo Nonami**
*Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University, 1-33, Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba, Japan
**Faculty of Engineering, Chiba University
We developed a small autonomous hobby-class unmanned helicopter that weighs about 9 kg, focusing on attitude and velocity models and controller design. Simge Input Single Output (SISO) transfer function models are derived from brief kinematical analysis and system identification for each of the helicopter dynamics of pitch, roll, yaw, and three direction velocities. We designed six separate controllers based on derived models using LQG and LQI control theory. The models and control structure are verified by experimental results. Accurate position control, namely, hover control and trajectory-following control, is achieved by a simple control algorithm using a designed attitude and velocity control structure. Robustness of the controller against wind was confirmed in a windy-day experiment. To verify robustness against the perturbation of physical helicopter parameters, the controller is applied to a larger helicopter.
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