JRM Vol.11 No.4 pp. 263-268
doi: 10.20965/jrm.1999.p0263


Air Impact Drive for Positioning by Pulse and Continuous Air Pressure

Mohammad Hossein Kouklan*, Yousef Hojjat** and Toshiro Higuchi*

*Department of Precision Machinery Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

**School of Engineering, Tarbiat Modarres University, P.O. Box 14155-4838, Tehran, Iran

April 13, 1999
June 4, 1999
August 20, 1999
precise positioning, impulse actuators, impact drive, slip-stick drive

In recent years, the application of impacts to precise positioning has been increased. Previously, the impulsive force or impact was generated by electromagnetic impulsive force or by the sudden deformation of a piezoelement. In this paper, a new actuator named as Air Impact Drive (AID) is introduced, in which the impact is generated by impulsive air pulse pressure. Free body diagrams and equations of this new actuator were drawn and determined. Experimental and theoretical results are in good agreement. The new actuator could displace a 0.2kg object at 0.1 of millimeter per pulse by pulse air pressure. By implementing suitable setup of parameters, the AID could move the object by continuous, constant air pressure with good linearity. This property is unique among other impact drives for positioning. By 0.3Mpa of source air pressure, the new actuator could move the mentioned object at the speed of approximately 13.4mm/s.

Cite this article as:
M. Kouklan, Y. Hojjat, and T. Higuchi, “Air Impact Drive for Positioning by Pulse and Continuous Air Pressure,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.11, No.4, pp. 263-268, 1999.
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Last updated on Dec. 02, 2020