Improvement of Ride Comfort with Active Suspension System Using Preview Control Law
Hideo Tobata, Takeshi Kimura and Yohsuke Akatsu
Nissan Research Center, Vehicle Research Laboratory, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., 1, Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, 237 Japan
It is known that the ride comfort of a vehicle equipped with active suspension can be further improved if a priori information about the road surface, i.e., preview control, is used. This paper discusses the application of preview control to the rear wheels of a vehicle with active suspension. Information about the front wheels’ vertical motion is used to estimate the vertical travel of the rear wheels. Vibration transmitted from the road surface to the vehicle body through the rear suspension can be estimated from the vertical motion of the wheels. Thus, the control force that should be generated by the rear suspension actuators can be obtained. Simulation results reveal that preview control provides an accurate estimate of road force inputs, enabling the vertical acceleration of the vehicle body to be reduced for further improvement in ride comfort. The results of vehicle driving tests also confirm that the preview-control force serves to reduce the vertical acceleration of the vehicle body. Cooperation between preview control and a skyhook damper is also discussed and shown to be effective in reducing vehicle body vibration.
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