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JRM Vol.5 No.1 pp. 19-25
doi: 10.20965/jrm.1993.p0019
(1993)

Paper:

Neighboring Degree-of-Approximation Equating Method for Computing Contact Points between Robot and Convex Object

Makoto Kaneko and Kazuo Tanie*

Kyushu Institute of Technology
1-1, Sensui-cho, Tobata-ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 804, Japan

*Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, MITI
1-2, Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan

Received:
November 16, 1992
Accepted:
December 4, 1992
Published:
February 20, 1993
Keywords:
Self-posture changing motion, Degree-of-approximation, Contact point sensing, Sensing accuracy, Unknown object
Abstract

With a proper combination of compliant joint and position- controlled joint, a link system changes its posture with keeping contact between link system and environment. This is so-called Self-Posture Changing Motion (SPCM) and conveniently used to detect a contact point between robot and unknown object. In conventional approach, a contact point has been computed as an intersecting point between two different link postures before and after SPCM. In general, this computation scheme gives us a contact point with unsatisfactory approximation, while it furnishes us with an exact contact point for a sharp-edged object. In this paper, we first introduces a concept of degree-of-approximation, which is defined as the distance between a computed point and the nearest point over the object surface, and then propers the Neighboring Degree-Of Approximation Equating Method which improves the degree-of-approximation drastically and provides exact contact points not only for a sharp· edged object but also for a constant curved object. Mathematical framework is provided for the proposed computation scheme. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed scheme is verified by simulations.

Cite this article as:
M. Kaneko and K. Tanie, “Neighboring Degree-of-Approximation Equating Method for Computing Contact Points between Robot and Convex Object,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.5, No.1, pp. 19-25, 1993.
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Last updated on Aug. 21, 2019