single-dr.php

JDR Vol.10 No.5 pp. 973-980
(2015)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0973

Paper:

Understanding Household Mobilization Time During Natech Accident Evacuation

Junlei Yu* and Akihiko Hokugo**

*Graduate School of Engineering, Department of Architecture, Kobe University

**Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University
1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan

Received:
March 30, 2015
Accepted:
July 17, 2015
Published:
October 1, 2015
Keywords:
evacuation timing behavior, natech accident, mobilization time, the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami
Abstract

Natural disasters can cause major technological accidents (Natech accidents) resulting in fires, explosions or hazardous materials releases. The severe consequence may risk human lives and property. Understanding household evacuation behavior could help emergency managers develop strategies that protect the populace better against Natech risk. Our goal in this study is to capture in household mobilization time from the moment the Natech accident occurs and the moment evacuation occurs. Actual evacuation may or may not occur depending on the judgment of individuals about perceived risk or on evacuation orders by local authorities. Data we collected was from a random household survey following a Natech accident at a Sendai oil refinery during the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. Results show that respondents evacuated faster after receiving a Natech evacuation order than based on their own judgments. Risk perception and respondents’ demographic characteristics played roles in when evacuation mobilization began. The findings advanced our knowledge of household evacuation timing behavior in response to a Natech accident and could assist emergency managers in developing better strategies for managing the evacuation process.

Cite this article as:
J. Yu and A. Hokugo, “Understanding Household Mobilization Time During Natech Accident Evacuation,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.10, No.5, pp. 973-980, 2015.
Data files:
References
  1. [1]  P. S. Showalter and M. F. Myers, “Natural disasters as the cause of technological emergencies: a review of the decade 1980-1989,” Natural Hazards Research and Application Information Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, 1992.
  2. [2]  J. H. Sorensen, “When shall we leave? Factors affecting the timing of evacuation departures,” Int. Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, Vol.9, pp. 153-165, 1991.
  3. [3]  A. M. Sadri, S. V. Ukkusuri, and P. Murray-Tuite, “A random parameter ordered probit model to understand the mobilization time during hurricane evacuation,” Transportation Research Part C, Vol.32, pp. 21-30, 2013.
  4. [4]  V. V. Dixit, C. Wilmot, and B. Wolshon, “Modeling risk attitudes in evacuation departure choices,” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No.2312, pp. 159-163, 2012.
  5. [5]  M. K. Lindell, J. C. Lu, and C. S. Prater, “Household decision making and evacuation in response to hurricane Lili,” Natural Hazards Review, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 171-179, 2005.
  6. [6]  S. K. Huang, M. K. Lindell, C. S. Prater, and L. K. Siebeneck, “Household evacuation decision making in response to hurricane Ike,” Natural Hazards Review, Vol.13, No.4, pp. 283-296, 2012.
  7. [7]  A .Hasan, R. Mesa-Arango, and S. Ukkusuri, “A random-parameter hazard-based model to understand household evacuation timing behavior,” Transportation Research Part C, Vol.27, pp. 108-116, 2013.
  8. [8]  M. K. Lindell, J. E. Kang, C. S. Prater, “The logistics of household hurricane evacuations,” Nat Hazards, Vol.58, pp. 1093-1109, 2011.
  9. [9]  H. C. Wu, M. K. Lindell, and C. S. Prater, “Logistics of hurricane evacuation in Hurricane Katrina and Rita,” Transportation Research Part F, Vol.15, pp. 445-461, 2012.
  10. [10]  K. Yamagochi, “Fire-fighting activities of Sendai JX refinery in Tohoku Earthquake,” Safety & Tomorrow, No.144, 2012.
  11. [11]  http://www.city.tagajo.miyagi.jp/saigai/book/textunderscore SWFtextunderscore Window.html? pagecode=55 [accessed Aug. 16, 2014]
  12. [12]  https://www.shichigahama.com/benricho/joho/documents/d89-010textunderscore 2.pdf [accessed Aug. 20, 2014]
  13. [13]  http://www.fdma.go.jp/disaster/syodokatudotextunderscore arikatatextunderscore kento/sankou/ sendai.pdf [accessed Aug. 16, 2014]
  14. [14]  H. Nishi, “Damage of Hazmat Facilities due to Fires and Tsunami,” Proc. of the Int. Symposium on Engineering Lessons Learnt from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, 2012.
  15. [15]  N. Dash and H. Gladwin, “Evacuation decision making and behavioral responses: Individual and household,” Natural Hazards Review, Vol.8, No.3, pp. 69-77, 2007.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2019