JDR Vol.10 No.4 pp. 647-654
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0647


Performance Evaluation of Base-Isolated Structures

Sarun Chimamphant* and Kazuhiko Kasai**

*Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology
4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8503, Japan

**Structural Engineering Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology
4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8503, Japan

December 24, 2014
March 9, 2015
August 1, 2015
seismic performance, continued functionality, nonstructural component, base-isolated structure

Seismic isolation systems have been recognized for their effectiveness in protecting building and their contents. Despite costly technology, seismic isolation has been used in several countries, including Japan. Base-isolated building response could be substantially reduced, which is very favorable compared to conventional fixed-base buildings. Several studies have focused on base-isolated building response and the effects of isolation properties, for example, but none has talked about performance in ways that nonengineers such as building owners could understand. The slight damage from an earthquake may protect a building’s structural integrity, but it may also damage nonstructural components and disrupt ongoing building functionality CF. The PEER methodology framework used to consider CF damage to nonstructural components uses a nonstructural component fragility curve, taking into account building location, and produces results in the form of a return period, in years, indicating how long the building may be expected to exceed that specified damage state. Several building structures are investigated and discussed.

Cite this article as:
S. Chimamphant and K. Kasai, “Performance Evaluation of Base-Isolated Structures,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.10, No.4, pp. 647-654, 2015.
Data files:
  1. [1]  N. Kani, “Current State of Seismic-Isolation Design,” Journal of Disaster Research, Vol.4, No.3, pp. 175-181, 2009.
  2. [2]  J. M. Kelly, “The Role of Damping in Seismic Isolation,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol.28, No.1, pp. 3-20, 1999.
  3. [3]  N. Makris and S. P. Chang, “Effect of Viscous, Viscoplastic and Friction Damping on the Response of Seismic Isolated Structures,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol.29, No.1, pp. 85-107, 2000.
  4. [4]  R. S. Jangid and J. M. Kelly, “Base Isolation for Near-Fault Motions,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol.30, No.5, pp. 691-707, 2001.
  5. [5]  D. Ordo nez, D. Foti, and L. Bozzo, “Comparative Study of the Inelastic Response of Base Isolated Buildings,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 151-164, 2003.
  6. [6]  I. Politopoulos, “A Review of Adverse Effects of Damping in Seismic Isolation,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 447-465, 2008.
  7. [7]  T. Y. Yang, D. Vamvatsikos, and J. M. Kelly, “The Influence of Isolator Hysteresis on Equipment Performance in Seismic Isolated Buildings,” Earthquake Spectra, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 275-293, 2010.
  8. [8]  J. Moehle and G. G. Deierlein, “A Framework Methodology for Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering,” Proceedings of the 13nth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, Canada, 2004.
  9. [9]  American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE 7), “Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures,” Reston, Virginia, 2010.
  10. [10]  P. Somerville, N. Smith, S. Punyamurthula, and J. Sun, “Development of Ground Motion Time Histories for Phase 2 of the FEMA/SAC Steel Project,” Technical Report SAC/BD-97-04, SAC Joint Venture, Sacramento, California, October 1997.
  11. [11]  R. Retamales, R. Davies, G. Mosqueda, and A. Filiatrault, “Experimental Seismic Fragility Assessment of Light Gauge Steel Studded Gypsum Partition Walls,” Toronto, Canada, 2010.
  12. [12]  S. Motoyui, Y. Sato, G. A. Macrae, and R. P. Dhakal, “Ceiling Fragility of Japanese Ceiling Systems,” Proceedings of the 9nth Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Auckland, New Zealand, 2011.
  13. [13]  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA P-58), “Seismic Performance Assessment of Buildings,” August, 2012.
  14. [14]  E. H. Field, T. H. Jordan, and C. A. Cornell, “OpenSHA: A Developing Community-Modeling Environment for Seismic Hazard Analysis,” Seismological Research Letters, Vol.74, No.4, pp. 405-419, 2003.
  15. [15]  K. W. Campbell and Y. Bozorgnia, “NGA Ground Motion Model for the Geometric Mean Horizontal Component of PGA, PGV, PGD and 5% Damped Linear Elastic Response Spectra for Periods Ranging from 0.01 to 10 s,” Earthquake Spectra, Vol.24, No.1, pp. 131-171, 2008.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2019