Assessment of Seismic Performance of High-Rise Thin RC Wall Buildings in Lima, Peru Using Fragility Functions
Luis G. Quiroz and Yoshihisa Maruyama
Department of Urban Environment Systems, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 268-8522, Japan
The actual behavior of thin RC wall high-rise buildings during an earthquake in Lima, Peru, and the associated seismic loss is unknown. This type of building was assessed done using analytical fragility functions. The numerical model was based on full-scale tests done in Lima, Peru. Nonlinear dynamic response analysis was performed using records simulated for Lima. The damage ratio was estimated for four damage states and fragility functions were obtained assuming that the damage ratio followed log-normal distributions. Seismic performance was evaluated by considering the probability of different damage states for three seismic hazard levels. It was found that highrise buildings present a low probability of collapse in severe earthquakes.
-  EERI (2010), “The Mw 8.8 Chile Earthquake of February 27, 2010,” Special Earthquake Report – June, 2010.
-  E. D. Jovanoska, “Fragility curves for reinforced concrete structures in Skopje (Macedonia) region,” Soil Dynamic and Earthquake Engineering, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 455-466, 2000.
-  L. Quiroz, Y. Maruyama, and C. Zavala, “Cyclic behavior of thin RC Peruvian shear walls: Full-scale experimental investigation and numerical simulation,” Engineering Structures, Vol.52, pp. 153-167, 2013.
-  V. Gálvez, M. Burgos, and A. Ortiz, “Proposal of reduction factor for seismic forces in structural systems composed by walls reinforced with electro-welded wire mesh and ductile bars,” Lima, Peru, 2008 (in Spanish).
-  C. Zavala, “Test on walls and a one-floor house reinforced with electro-wire mesh UNICO/FORSA/PRODAC, Research report,” Japan-Peru Center for Earthquake Engineering Research and Disaster Mitigation. Lima, Peru, 2004 (in Spanish).
-  D. C. Kent and R. R. Park, “Flexural members with confined concrete,” Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, Vol.97, No.7, pp. 1969-1990, 1971.
-  Y. J. Park, A. M. Reinhorn, and S. K. Kunnath, “IDARC Inelastic Damage Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Frame-Shear-Wall Structures,” Technical Report NCEER-87-0008, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1987.
-  J. Carrillo and S. M. Alcocer, “Acceptance limits for performancebased seismic design of RC walls for low-rise housing,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol.41, No.15, pp. 2273-2288, 2012.
-  A. Ghobarah, “On drift limits associated with different damage levels,” Proceedings of an International Workshop – Performance-Based Seismic Design Concepts and Implementation, Bled, Slovenia, 2004.
-  N. Pulido, “Earthquake rupture and slip scenarios for Central Andes Peru, and strong motion simulations for Lima (v1.0 February 7/2013),” 2013,
available at http://www.j-shis.bosai.go.jp/staff/nelson/smsimu_Central_Peru_v1p0/Lima_SMsimu_v1p0.htm [accessed July 1, 2014]
-  Ministry of Housing Peru, “National Technical Standard E-030 – Earthquake Resistant Design,” Lima, Peru, 2003 (in Spanish).
-  A. M. Reinhorn, H. Roh, M. Sivaselvan, S. K. Kunnath, R. E. Valles, A. Madan, C. Li, R. Lobo, and Y. J. Park, “IDARC2D Version 7.0: A Program for the Inelastic Damage Analysis of Structures,” Technical ReportMCEER-09-0006, State University of New York at Buffalo, 2009.
-  J. J. Bommer and A. B. Acevedo, “The use of real earthquake accelerograms as input to dynamic analysis,” Journal Earthquake Engineering, Vol.8, No.4, No.1-50, 2004.
-  Structural Engineers Association of California (SEAOC), “Recommended Lateral Forces Requirements and Commentary (the Blue Book),” California, 1999.
-  J. Velasquez, “Estimation of earthquake losses in Peruvian buildings by analytical fragility curves,” Master Thesis, Graduate School, Catholic University of Peru PUCP, Lima, 2006 (in Spanish).
-  A. H. Barbat, M. L. Carreño, L. G. Pujades, N. Lantada, O. D. Cardona, and M. C. Marulanda, “Seismic vulnerability and risk evaluation methods for urban areas. A review with application to a pilot area,” Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance, Vol.6, Nos.1-2, pp. 17-38, 2010.
-  Applied Technology Council ATC–21 (2001), “Rapid Visual Screening of Seismically Hazardous Buildings,” Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, CA.