Impact of Farm Management Practices and Agricultural Land Use on Soil Organic Carbon Storage Potential in the Savannah Ecological Zone of Northern Ghana
John Boakye-Danquah*1, Effah Kwabena Antwi*2, Osamu Saito*3,
Mark Kofi Abekoe*4, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi*2
*1Department of Geography and Resource Development, University of Ghana, P.O.Box LG 59, Legon-Accra, Ghana
*2Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science (IR3S), University of Tokyo, Japan
*3Institute for Advanced Study of Sustainability, United Nations University, Japan
*4Department of Soil Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
-  J. Grace, S. Jose, J. Patrick, M. Heloisa, S. Miranda, and M. A. Ruben, “Productivity and carbon fluxes of tropical Savannas,” Journal of Biogeography, Vol.33, pp. 387-400, 2006.
-  R. Lahmar, B. A. Bationo, N. D. Lamso, Y. Guero, and P. Tittonell, “Tailoring conservation agriculture technologies in West Africa semi-arid zones: building on traditional local practices for soil restoration,” Field crops research, Vol.132, pp. 158-167, 2012.
-  E. Marks, G. K. S. Aflakpui, J. Nkem, R. M. Poch, Khouma, K. Kokou, R. Sagoe, and M. T. Sebastia, “Conservation of soil organic carbon, biodiversity and the provision of other ecosystem services along climatic gradients inWest Africa,” Biogeosciences, Vol.6, pp. 1825-1838, 2008.
-  N. H. Batjes, “Options for increasing carbon sequestration in West African soils: an exploratory study with special focus on Senegal,” Land Degradation and Development, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 131-142, 2001.
-  A. Bationo, A. Hartemnink, O. Lungo, M. Naimi, P. Okoth, E. Smalling, and L. Thiombiano, “African soils: their productivity and profitability of fertilizer use,” Agricultural systems, Vol.94, No.1, pp. 13-25, 2006.
-  C. Nellemann, M. MacDevette, T.Manders, B. Eickhout, B. Svihus, A. Prins, and B. Kaltenborn (Eds.), “The Environmental Food Crisis. The environment’s role in averting future food crises. A UNEP rapid response assessment,” Arendal, UNDP, 2009.
-  M. Bernoux, L. Bockel, J. Rioux, M. Tinlot, and A. K. Braimoh, “Carbon sequestration as an integral part of watershed management strategies to address climate change issues,” Policy Brief, EASYPOL, 2011,
retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/ex_act/pdf/Policy_briefs/Carbon_watershed_management_July_2011 .pdf [accessed May 16, 2013]
-  E. Boelee, T. Chiramba, and E. Khaka (Eds.), “An ecosystem services approach to water and food security,” United Nations Environment Programme; Nairobi: Colombo, International Water Management Institute, 2011.
-  A. Bationo, J. Kihara, B. Vanlauwe, B. Waswa, and J. Kimetu, “Soil organic carbon dynamics, functions and management in West African agro-ecosystems,” Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Institute of CIAT (TSBF-CIAT), Nairobi, Kenya, 2005.
-  M. A. N. Anikwe, “Carbon Storage in Soils of Southeastern Nigeria under Different Management Practices,” Carbon Balance and Management, Vol.5, No.5, 2010.
-  D. S. Powlson, P. J. Gregory, W. R. Whalley, J. N. Quinton, D. W. Hopkins, A. P. Whitmore, P. R. Hirsch, and K. W. T. Goulding, “Soil management in relation to sustainable agriculture and ecosystem services,” Food Policy, Vol.36, No.1, pp. S72-S87, doi:10.1016/j.foodpol.2010.11.025, 2011.
-  R. Lal, R. F. Follet, B. A. Stewart, and J. M. Kimble, “Soil Carbon Sequestration to Mitigate Climate Change and Advance Food Security,” Soil Science, Vol.172, No.12, 2007.
-  R. Lal, “Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security,” Science, Vol.304, No.5677, pp. 1623-1627, 2004.
-  R. Lal, “Enhancing crop yields in the developing countries through restoration of the soil organic carbon pool in agricultural lands,” Land Degradation & Development, Vol.17, pp. 197-209, 2006.
-  FAO, “Carbon Sequestration in Dryland Soils,” World Source Resource Reports, No.102, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome, 2004.
-  A. Takimoto, P. K. R. Nair, and V. D. Nair, “Carbon stock and sequestration potential of traditional and improved agroforestry systems inWest African Sahel,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol.125, pp. 159-166, 2008.
-  J. Songsore, “Regional Development in Ghana: The Theory and Reality,” Woeli Publishing Services, Accra, 2011.
-  A. J. Dietz, R. Ruben, and A. Verhagen (Eds.), “The impact of climate change on drylands; with a focus on West Africa,” Environment and policy; Kluwer publishers; Netherlands, 2004.
-  M. Akudugu, A. S. Dittoh, and E. S. Mahama, “The Implications of Climate Change on Food Security and Rural Livelihoods: Experience from Northern Ghana, Journal of Environment and Earth Science, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 21-30, 2012.
-  J. Leifeld, C. Ammann, A. Neftel, and J. R. G. Fuhrer, “A comparison of repeated soil inventory and carbon flux budget to detect soil carbon stock changes after conversion from cropland to grasslands,” Global Change Biology, Vol.17, pp. 3366-3375, 2011.
-  FAO, “Climate-smart agriculture: a synthesis of empirical evidence of food security and mitigation benefits from improved cropland management,” FAO, Rome, 2011,
retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/015/i2574e/i2574e00.pdf [accessed on May 16, 2013]
-  R. Victoria, S. Banwart, H. Black, J. Ingram, H. Joosten, E. Milne, E. Noellemeyer, and Y. Baskin, “Benefits of soil carbon,” UNEP 2012, Year Book, 2012.
-  P. Farage, J. Pretty, and A. Ball, “Biophysical aspects of carbon sequestration in dryland,” University of Essex, 2003,
retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/nr/iages/resources/pdf_documents /cseqbiophysicalaspectsdrylands.pdf [accessed on August 6, 2012]
-  D. S. Jenkinson, H. C. Harris, J. Ryan, A. M. McNeil, C. J. Pilbeam, and K. Coleman, “Organic matter turnover in calcareous soil from Syria under a two-course cereal rotation,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol.31, pp. 687-693, 1999.
-  J. N. Pretty, C. Brett, D. Gee, R. Hine, C. F.Mason, J. I. L. Morison, H. Raven, M. Rayment, and G. van der Bijl, “An assessment of the total external costs of UK agriculture,” Agricultural Systems, Vol.65, No.2, pp. 113-136, 2000.
-  D. Geesing, P. Felker, and R. L. Bingham, “Influence of mesquite (Prosopisglandulosa) on soil nitrogen and carbon development: Implications for global carbon sequestration,” Journal of Arid Environments, Vol.46, pp. 157-180, 2000.
-  E. G. Gregorich, P. Rochette, S. McGuire, B. C. Liang, and R. Lessard, “Soluble organic carbon and carbon dioxide fluxes in maize fields receiving spring applied manure,” Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol.27, No.1, pp. 209-214, 1998.
-  G. N. N. Dowuona, E. T. Adjetey, E. K. Nartey, T. A. Adjadeh, and R. Heck, “Carbon accumulation and aggregate stability in an acrisol under different management fallow management in Ghana,” Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, Vol.2, No.12, pp. 393-403, 2011.
-  K. Trumper, C. Ravilious, and D. Barney, “Carbon management in drylands: desertification, climate change and carbon fiannace,” A UNEP-UNDP-UNCCD Technical Note for Discussion at CRIC 7, Intsnbul, Turkey, 2008.
-  Food and Nutrition Security Unit, University for Development Studies (FNSU-UDS), “Three Country (Burkina Faso, Ghana and Mali) Case Studies on the PASS Value Chain Strategy/Approach and its Effect on Smallholder Farmer Yields in Africa,” Alliance for Green Revolution in Africa,
accessed at: file:///C:/Users/DELL/Downloads/pass-evaluation-case-studieswest-africa%20(1).pdf [accessed June 19, 2014]
-  B. N. Baatuuwie, K. Ochire-Boadu, Abdul-Ganiyu, and W. J. Asante, “Assessment of soil and water conservation measures practiced by farmers: A case study in the Tolon-Kumbungu District of Northern Ghana,” Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 103-109, 2011.
-  W. Fonseca, F. E. Alice, and J. M. Rey-Benayas, “Carbon accumulation in the biomass and soil of different aged secondary forests in the humid tropics of Costa Rica,” Forest Ecology and Management, Vol.262, pp. 1400-1408, 2011.
-  E. Velasquez, P. Lavelle, and M. Andrade, “GISQ, a multifunctional indicator of soil quality,” Soil Biology & Biochemistry, Vol.39, pp. 3066-3080, 2007.
-  Walkley-Black, “Method of organic carbon estimation,” in Soil conditioner, V. Ramamurthy, R. K. Sharma, and R. M. Kothari (Eds.), TCRDC, Publ. Patiala, India, 1973.
-  A. L. Page, R. H.Miller, and D. R. Keeney, “Methods of Soil Analysis,” Part 2 – Chemical and Microbiological Properties, 2nd Edition, Agronomy Society of America. Madison, WI, 1982.
-  N. H. Ravindranath and M. Ostwald, “Carbon inventory methods: handbook for greenhouse gas inventory, carbon mitigation and round wood production projects,” Advances in Global Research, Vol.29, Springer Science, 2008.
-  G. J. Bouyoucos, “Estimation of colloidal material in soils,” Science, Vol.64, No.632.
-  IFPRI, “Agriculture for Development in Ghana: New Opportunities and Challenges,” IFPRI Discussion Paper 00784, August 2008.
-  E. C. Wooda, G. G. Tappana, and A. Hadj, “Understanding the drivers of agricultural land use change in south-central Senegal,” Journal of Arid Environments, Vol.59, No.3, pp. 565-582, 2004.
-  C. Pan, H. Zhao, X. Zhao, H. Han, and Y. Wang, “Biophysical Properties as Determinants for Soil Organic Carbon and Total Nitrogen in Grassland Salinization,” PLoS ONE, Vol.8, No.1, DOI: e54827.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054827, 2013.
-  R. H. McKenzie, “Soil pH and Plants nutrients. AGRI-FACTS: Practical information for Alberta’s agriculture industry,” Agdex, Vol.531, No.4, 2003.
-  I. A. Ololade, I. R. Ajayi, A. E. Gbadamosi, O. Z. Mohammed, and A. G. Sunday, “A study on effects of soil physic-chemical properties on cocoa production in ondo state,” Modern Applied Science, Vol.4, No.5, 2010.
-  P. N. Windmeijer and W. Andriesse (Eds.), “Inland Valleys in West Africa: An Agro-ecological Characterization of Rice-Growing Environments,” International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement, Wageningen, The Netherlands, p. 160, No.52, 1993.
-  S. E. Obalum and M. E. Obi, “Physical properties of a sandy loam Ultisol as affected by tillage-mulch management practices and cropping systems,” Soil Tillage Research, Vol.108, pp. 30-36, 2010.
-  FAO, “Drought-Resistant Soils: Optimization of Soil Moisture for Sustainable Plant Production,” Proceedings of the Electronic Conference, FAO Land and Water Development Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 2005.
-  C. Y. Prudencio, “Ring management of soils and crops in the West African semi-arid tropics: the case of the mossi farming system in Burkina Faso,” Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, Vol.47, pp. 237-264, 1993.
-  S. Adu-Bredu, M. K. Abekoe, E. Tachie-Obeng, and P. Tschakert, “Carbon stock under four land use Systems in three varied ecological zones in Ghana. Africa,” The Carbon Cycle Proceedings of the Open Science Conference on “Africa and Carbon Cycle: The CarboAfrica project,” Accra (Ghana), World Soils Report, pp. 105-113, No.105, November, 2008.
-  R. Manlay, A. Ickowicz, D. Masse, C. Floret, D. Richard, and C. Feller, “Spatial carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus budget of a village in the West African savannah: I. Element pools and structure of a mixed-farming system,” Agricultural systems, Vol.79, No.1, p. 55-81S.
-  IFDC, “Ghana fertilizer assessment,” African fertilizer and agribusiness partnership, IFDC, Alabama,
accessed at: http://www.africafertilizer.org/CMSPages/GetFile.aspx?guid=da14ba32-26e0-4a84-810d-2446102c5d7d [accessed June 19, 2014]
-  Cornel Waste Management Institute, “On farm composting Handbook,” Natural Resource, Agriculture, and Engineering Service, No.54, 1996,
accessed at: http://compost.css.cornell.edu/OnFarmHandbook/apa.taba1.html [accessed June 18, 2014]
-  E. Hien, F. Ganry, and R. Oliver, “Carbon sequestration in a savannah soil in southwestern Burkina as affected by cropping and cultural practices,” Arid Land Res. Manag., Vol.20, pp. 133-146, 2006.
-  E. Gonzalez-Estrada, L. C. Rodriguez, V. K. Walen, J. B. Naab, J. Koo, J. W. Jones, M. Herrero, and P. K. Thornton, “Carbon sequestration and farm income in West Africa: Identifying best management practices for smallholder agricultural systems in northern Ghana,” Ecological Economics, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 492-502, doi: 10 1016/j.ecolecon. 2008.01.002, 2008.
-  B. W. Umar, J. B. Aune, F. H. Johnsen, and O. I. Lungu, “Options for improving smallholder agriculture in Zambia,” Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol.3, pp. 50-62, 2011.
-  E. L. Okorley, A. O. Mensah, and I. S. Al-Hassan, “Transfer and adoption of soil and water conservation technologies in the Tolon-Kumbungu district of northern region of Ghana,” Ghana Journal of Agriculture Science, Vol.35, pp. 189-195, 2002.
-  IPCC, “Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forest,” 2003,
retrieved from: http://www.ipccnggip.iges.or.jp/public/gpglulucf/gpglulucf_contents.html [accessed December 19, 2012]
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.