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JDR Vol.8 No.4 pp. 698-704
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0698
(2013)

Review:

Synthetic Biology and Dual Use

Daisuke Kiga

Department of Computational Intelligence and Systems Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, J2-1806, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 226-8503, Japan

Received:
May 10, 2013
Accepted:
June 10, 2013
Published:
August 1, 2013
Keywords:
synthetic biology, DNA synthesis, reconstruction, risk reduction, breeding
Abstract

Synthetic biology is science or technology concerning layers of life such as individuals, organs, cells. In this field, components of a layer are combined to construct a system in the upper layer. This paper focuses on studies, at a layer related to gene recombinant experiments, modifying genes and combining multiple genes. By introducing research accomplishments in synthetic biology such as gene networks and synthesis of the whole genome, this paper explains how synthetic biology is an extension of conventional gene engineering and the field of interdisciplinary open innovation. The risks of synthetic biology and risk reduction methods are also introduced.

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Last updated on Jul. 28, 2017