Solid Waste Management in Bangkok at 2011 Thailand Floods
Hirofumi Nakayama*1, Takayuki Shimaoka*1, Kiyoshi Omine*2,
Maryono*3, Plubcharoensuk Patsaraporn*4, and Orawan Siriratpiriya*5
*1Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
*2Faculty of Engineering, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan
*3Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan
*4Department of Industrial Works, Ministry of Industry, Thailand
*5Environmental Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
A large amount of municipal and industrial flood waste was generated during a 2011 monsoon in Thailand. This paper examines the generation and disposal of flood waste related to Thailand floods using data obtained through field surveys and interviews with involved organizations. As a result, problems with flood waste treatment were found. These included a shortage of waste collection capacity such as vehicles and boats under emergency conditions, a lack of appropriately designed temporary waste storage at waste transfer stations, a lack of recycling systems for the wood waste that dominated waste from flooding, and the possibility thatmixed disposal ofmunicipal and industrial waste introduced contamination. To improve flood waste treatment, some proposals were provided for the predisaster, disaster and post-disaster stages.
-  Office of Water Management and Hydrology Royal Irrigation Department, Thailand Thailand County Report Flood 2011,” 2012.
-  TheWorld Bank, Thai flood 2011, Rapid Assessment for Resilient Recovery and Reconstruction Planning,” 2011.
-  S. Garry, An Assessment of Disaster Risk and its Management in Thailand, Disasters,” Vol.21, No.1, pp. 77-88, 1997.
-  J. Hongsakul, Disaster and Risk Reduction in Thailand, Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation in Thailand Ministry of Interior,” Thailand, 2001.
-  S. Leungsakul, Status and issues related to industrial solid waste management in Thailand, Department of Industrial work,” Thailand, 2010.
-  S. Muttamara and S. Leong Tet, The Evolution of Solid Waste Management in Bangkok: Implications for the Future,” Thammasat International Journal Science and Technology, Vol.9, No.1, 2004.
-  Department of Environment, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), Bangkok State of the Environment 2010-2011,” 2011.
-  J. Manuta, S. Khrutmuang et al., Institutionalized Incapacities and Practice in Flood Disaster Management in Thailand,” Science and Culture, Vol.72, pp. 10-22, 2006.
-  H. Beraud, Assessment and characterization method for flood waste – MECaDePi Projec/Global Platform for disaster Risk Reduction,” 2011.