Radar Echo Population of Air-Mass Thunderstorms and Nowcasting of Thunderstorm-Induced Local Heavy Rainfalls Part II: A Feasibility Study on Nowcasting
Educational Unit for Adaptation to Extreme Weather Conditions and Resilient Society, Center for the Promotion of Interdisciplinary Education and Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
Many air-mass thunderstorms were generated in the Tokyo metropolitan area on August 5, 2008, when a severe local rainstorm caused a flash flood in the center of Tokyo. Using three-dimensional radar reflectivity data from the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), nowcasting was examined concerning the peak time and peak rainfall intensity of thunderstorms. Four qualitative forecastmethods – precipitation cores aloft, time changes in vertically integrated liquid water, time changes in echo-top height, lightning activity – and three quantitative forecast methods using three parameters were adopted in eight thunderstorms related to heavy-rainfall warnings issued by the JMA on August 5, 2008. While there is much worth further examination in the method using precipitation core aloft, the other methods are not in the stage of operational use in order to forecast time and rainfall intensity at the rainfall peak of each thunderstorm.
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