single-dr.php

JDR Vol.7 No.3 pp. 252-257
(2012)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2012.p0252

Paper:

The 2010 Foot-and-Mouth Disease Outbreakin Miyazaki Prefecture

Hiroomi Akashi

Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan

Received:
August 12, 2011
Accepted:
December 8, 2011
Published:
April 1, 2012
Keywords:
Foot-and-mouse disease, Aphthovirus, cloven-hoofed animals, blister formation, Miyazaki Prefecture
Abstract

In April, 2010, Foot-and-mouth disease reoccurred in Miyazaki Prefecture for the first time in 10 years. Compared to the outbreak in 2000 in which no infection among pigs was observed, a total of 292 infected farms were involved in this epidemic, requiring that infected animals – 37,400 cattle, 173,300 pigs, 42 water buffalos, 14 goats, and 8 sheep – be culled and buried. First-time vaccination in Japan was performed to reduce the speed of virus spread. In the end, a total of approximately 87,000 head of vaccinated animals also were slaughtered. The outbreak had continued for 2.5 month, and the ban on animal movements was eased 3 months after the first occurrence.

Cite this article as:
Hiroomi Akashi, “The 2010 Foot-and-Mouth Disease Outbreakin Miyazaki Prefecture,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.7, No.3, pp. 252-257, 2012.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] F. Brown, “The history of research in foot-and-mouth disease,” Virus Res., Vol.91, pp. 3-7, 2003.
  2. [2] J. R. Hollister, A. Vagnozzi, N. J. Knowles, and E. Rieder, “Molecular and phylogenetic analyses of bovine rhinovirus type 2 shows it is closely related to foot-and-mouth disease virus,” Virology, Vol.373, pp. 411-25, 2008.
  3. [3] F. Li, G. F. Browning, M. J. Studdert, and B. S. Crabb, “Equine rhinovirus 1 is more closely related to foot-and-mouth disease virus than to other picornaviruses,” Proc. Natl., Acad., Sci. USA., Vol.93, pp. 990-995, 1996.
  4. [4] T. Jackson, A. M. Q. King, D. I. Stuart, E. Fry, “Structure and receptor binding,” Virus Res., Vol.91, p. 3346, 2003.
  5. [5] M. J. Grubman, “The 5’-end of foot-and-mouth disease virion RNA contains a protein covalently linked to the nucleotide pUp,” Arch. Virol., Vol.63, pp. 311-315, 1980.
  6. [6] S. Fross and H. Schaller, “A tandem repeat gene in a picornavirus,” Nucleic Acid Res., Vol.10, pp. 6441-6450, 1982.
  7. [7] P. W. Mason, M. J. Grubman, and B. Baxt, “Molecular basis of pathogenesis of FMDV,” Virus Res., Vol.91, p. 932, 2003.
  8. [8] V. N. Vakharia, M. A. Devaney, D. M. Moore, J. J. Dunn, and M. J. Grubman, “Proteolytic processing of foot-and-mouth disease virus polyproteins expressed in a cell-free system from clone-derived transcripts,” J. Virol., Vol.61, pp. 3199-3207, 1987.
  9. [9] X. Cao, I. E. Bergmann, R. Fullkrug, and E. Beck, “Functional analysis of the two alternative translation initiation sites of foot-and-mouth disease virus,” J. Virol., Vol.69, pp. 560-563, 1995.
  10. [10] M. E. Piccone, E. Rieder, P. W. Mason, and M. J. Grubman, “The foot-and-mouth disease virus leader proteinase gene is not required for viral replication,” J. Virol., Vol.69, pp. 5376-5382, 1995.
  11. [11] K. Strebel and E. Beck, “A second protease of foot-and-mouth disease virus,” J. Virol., Vol.58, pp. 893-899, 1986.
  12. [12] M. A. Devaney, V. N. Vakharia, R. E. Lloyd, E. Ehrenfeld, and M. J. Grubman, “Leader protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus is required for cleavage of the p220 component of the cap-binding protein complex,” J. Virol., Vol.62, pp. 4407-4409, 1988.
  13. [13] B. H. Robertson, D. O. Morgan, D. M. Moore, M. J. Grubman, J. Card, T. Fischer, G. Weddell, D. Dowbenko, and D. Yansura, “Identification of amino acid and nucleotide sequence of the foot-and-mouth disease virus RNA polymerase,” Virology Vol.126, pp. 614-623, 1983.
  14. [14] M. D. Pierschbacher and E. Ruoslahti, “Variants of the cell recognition site of fibronectin that retain attachment-promoting activity,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, Vol.81, pp. 5985-5988. 1984.
  15. [15] A. Berinstein, M. Roivainen, T. Hovi, P. W. Mason, and B. Baxt, “Antibodies to the vitronectin receptor (integrin αvβz) inhibit binding and infection of foot-and-mouth disease virus to cultured cells,” J. Virol., Vol.69, pp. 2664-2666, 1995.
  16. [16] T. Jackson, D. Sheppard, M. Denyer, W. Blakemore, and A. M. King, “The epithelial integrin alphavbeta6 is a receptor for foot-and-mouth disease virus,” J. Virol., Vol.74, pp. 4949-4956, 2000.
  17. [17] T. Jackson, F. M. Ellard, R. A. Ghazaleh, S. M. Brookes, W. E. Blakemore, A. H. Corteyn, D. I. Stuart, J. W. Newman, and A. M. King, “Efficient infection of cells in culture by type O foot-and-mouth disease virus requires binding to cell surface heparan sulfate,” J. Virol., Vol.70, pp. 5282-5287, 1996.
  18. [18] H. L. Bachrach, “Foot-and-mouth disease,” Annu. Rev. Microbiol., Vol.22, pp. 201-244, 1968.
  19. [19] OIE Animal Health Information, “summary of immediate notifications and follow-ups, Foot-and-mouth disease,” 2010-2011.
  20. [20] A. R. Samuel and N. J. Knowles, “Foot-and-mouth disease type O viruses exhibit genetically and geographically distinct evolutionary lineages (topotypes),” J. Gen. Virol., Vol.82, pp. 609-621, 2001.
  21. [21] R. S. Hedger, “Foot-and-mouth disease,” In: J. W. Davis, L. H. Karstad, D. O. Trainer (Eds.), “Infectious diseases of wild mammals,” 2nd ed., Iowa State Univ. Press, pp. 87-96, 1981.
  22. [22] G. R. Thomson, W. Vosloo, and A. D. S. Bastos, “Foot and mouth disease in wildlife,” Virus Res., Vol.91, pp. 145-161, 2003.
  23. [23] R. Stellers and J. Gloster, “Foot-and-mouth disease: A review of intranasal infection of cattle, sheep and pigs,” Vet. J., Vol.177, pp. 159-168, 2008.
  24. [24] G. Korn, “Experimental studies of the demonstration of virus during the incubation period of foot-and-mouth disease and its pathogenesis,” Arch. Exp. Vet. Med., Vol.11, pp. 637-649, 1957.
  25. [25] J. Arzt, N. Juleff, Z. Zhang, and L. L. Rodriguez, “The pathogenesis of Foot-and-mouth disease I: Viral pathways in cattle,” Transbound. Emerg. Dis., Vol.58, pp. 291-304, 2011.
  26. [26] P. Gailiunas and G. E. Cottral, “Presence and persistence of foot-and-mouth disease virus in bovine skin,” J. Bacteriol., Vol.91, pp. 2333-2338, 1966.
  27. [27] S. Alexandersen, Z. Zhang, A. I. Donaldson, A. J. M. Garland, “The pathogenesis and diagnosis of Foot-and-mouth disease,” J. Comp. Path., Vol.129, pp. 1-36, 2003.
  28. [28] I. Anderson, “Foot and mouth disease 2001: Lessons to be learned inquiry report,” Dept. for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, UK, 2002.
  29. [29] J. G. Van Bekkum, H. S. Frenkel, H. H. J. Frederiks, and S. Frenkel, “Observations on the carrier state of cattle exposed to foot-and-mouth disease virus,” Bull. Int. Epizoot., Vol.51, pp. 917-922, 1959.
  30. [30] P. Sutmoller, J. W. McVicar, and G. E. Cottral, “The epizootiological importance of foot-and-mouth disease carriers. I. Experimentally produced foot-and-mouth disease carriers in susceptible and immune cattle,” Arch. Gesamte Virusforsch., Vol.23, pp. 227-235, 1968.
  31. [31] S. Alexandersen, Z. Zhang, and A. I. Donaldson, “Aspects of the persistence of foot-and-mouth disease virus in animals – the carrier problem,” Microbes Infect., Vol.4, pp. 1099-1110, 2002.
  32. [32] Y. Ikegame, “Report from a veterinarian who examined affected water buffalos in the farm of the 6th case,” Jap. Vet. Med. Assoc., Vol.63, pp.737-739, 2010 (in Japanese).
  33. [33] OIE Technical disease cards, “Foot and mouth disease,” Aetiology, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Prevention and Control References,
    http://www.oie.int/ [access available at Mar. 15, 2012]
  34. [34] FAO World Reference Laboratory for Foot-and-mouth disease, ME report: 2010,
    http://www.wrlfmd.org/fmd_genotyping/2010.htm [access available at Mar. 15, 2012]
  35. [35] Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, UK Stationery Office, London, Reference Book 400, Foot-and-mouth disease ageing of lesions., 1986.
  36. [36] H. Nishiura and R. Omori, “An epidemiological analysis of the Foot-and mouth disease epidemic in Miyazaki, Japan, 2010,” Transbound. Emerg. Dis., Vol.57, pp. 396-403, 2010.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jun. 15, 2021